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Rensis Likert

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Rensis Likert
Born(1903-08-05)August 5, 1903
DiedSeptember 3, 1981(1981-09-03) (aged 78)
Resting placeForest Hill Cemetery (Ann Arbor, Michigan) (Lot 50, Number 8)
Alma materUniversity of Michigan
Columbia University
University of Michigan
Known forLikert Scale, Likert’s Management Systems, Linking pin model
SpouseJane Gibson Likert

Rensis Likert (/ˈlɪkərt/ LIK-ərt; August 5, 1903 – September 3, 1981) was an American social psychologist. He is known for creating the 5-point Likert scale, a scale that allows people to respond to questions of interest, in order to measure people's attitudes.

He wrote many books including; New Ways of Managing Conflict (1976) and Human Organization: Its Management and Value (1967).

Books[change | change source]

The following are books that Rensis Likert authored, or contributed to:[1]

  • A Method for Coping with Conflict in Problem Solving Groups (1978)
  • New Ways of Managing Conflict (1976) (with Jane Gibson Likert)
  • Human Organization : Its Management and Value (1967)
  • New Patterns of Management (1961)
  • The Presidents Column (1959)
  • Developing patterns in management (American Management Association, 1955)
  • Technique for the Measurement of Professional Attitudes (1932) [2]


  • Some applications of Behavioral Research (1957)
  • Moral and Agency Management (1940-1944) [2]
  • Public Opinion and the Individual (1938)

References[change | change source]

  1. Rensis Likert Biography (2005). Retrieved November 2, 2011, from http://www.bookrags.com/biography/rensis-likert-soc/
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kish, Leah. "The Memorian: Rensis Likert". The American Statistician. JSTOR 2684023. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)