Rorschach test

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Rorschach test is a psychological test in a form of inkblots on the cards. It is still used. It was named after Swiss psychologist Hermann Rorschach.

Rorschach inkblots

The test determines the state of patients and their problems.

History[change | change source]

Herman Rorschach was not the first who invented this method. Interpretation of inkblots was used in the game Gobolink from the late 19th century.[1] In Europe such games were known as kleksography.[1]

Then Alfred Binet appeared. He first used it for psychological research. It determined the work of the imagination and consciousness.

In 1921, Rorschach wrote his main book Psychodiagnostik where he described the test.

Also Austrian psychologist SIgmund Freud showed how psychic expressions of the individual (in speech, dreams, and so on) could be read as signs pointing to unconscious processes. These processes were significant for a fuller and deeper understanding of his personality. Finally, Freud stressed the very earliest experiences of the child in the family as of primary significance in the moulding of personality.[2]

Similar tests have been devised by American psychologist Wayne H. Holtzman.

Later the test began to be used in all sorts of speculative ways. Researchers gave the test to Nazi criminals during Nuremberg Trials hoping to find out the psychological roots of mass murder.[3]

Method[change | change source]

Rorschach showed inkblots to many people with the same question: "What might this be?". It showed how people approached the task. It showed also a different perception of people. Some people saw the movement on the pictures, some not.

Usually inkblots pictures are shown secretly to make the patients' responses spontaneous.

In mass culture[change | change source]

Rorschach test is used in many films, TV series, books, comics.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Richardson, John T. E. (2011-11-29). Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis's Island. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-51211-4.
  2. Hallowell, A. Irving (1945). "The Rorschach Technique in the Study of Personality and Culture2". American Anthropologist. 47 (2): 195–210. doi:10.1525/aa.1945.47.2.02a00010. ISSN 1548-1433. Archived from the original on 2021-07-20. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  3. EDT, Douglas Main On 9/7/15 at 3:31 PM (2015-09-07). "Nazi Criminals Were Given Rorschach Tests at Nuremberg". Newsweek. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. Bushey, Michael A. (2015). "Rorschach Inkblot Invasion of Pop Culture". American Journal of Psychiatry. 172 (10): 949. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.15040519. ISSN 0002-953X. PMID 26423480.