Sadao Munemori

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Sadao Munemori
In this Japanese name, the family name is Munemori.

Sadao Munemori (born August 17, 1922-April 5, 1945) was a United States Army soldier.[1] He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Munemori was born in Los Angeles, California to Japanese immigrant parents. He is a Nisei, which means that he is a second generation Japanese-American.[3]

During World War II, Munemori's parents and siblings were interned at the Manzanar concentration camp.[1]

Soldier[change | change source]

Two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he joined the US Army.[4]

Munemori volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 100th Infantry Battalion.[5] This army unit was mostly made up of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland.[6]

For his actions in April 1945, he was the only Japanese American to be awarded the Medal of Honor during or immediately after World War II.[7]

Medal of Honor citation[change | change source]

Munmori's Medal of Honor recognized his conduct in frontline fighting in northern Italy in 1945. Without help from others, he attacked two machine guns before smothering a grenade blast with his body.[2]

The words of Munemori's citation explain:

He fought with great gallantry and intrepidity near Seravezza, Italy. When his unit was pinned down by grazing fire from the enemy's strong mountain defense and command of the squad devolved on him with the wounding of its regular leader, he made frontal, one-man attacks through direct fire and knocked out two machine guns with grenades. Withdrawing under murderous fire and showers of grenades from other enemy emplacements, he had nearly reached a shell crater occupied by two of his men when an unexploded grenade bounced on his helmet and rolled toward his helpless comrades. He arose into the withering fire, dived for the missile and smothered its blast with his body. By his swift, supremely heroic action Pfc. Munemori saved two of his men at the cost of his own life and did much to clear the path for his company's victorious advance.[2]

Namesake[change | change source]

Sadao Munemori is the namesake of a part of the California highway system, a ship, a building and an American Legion post.

  • Sadao S. Munemori Memorial Interchange between I-105 and I-405 highways in Los Angeles[8]
  • USNS Private Sadao S. Munemori (T-AP-190), a troop ship[9]
  • Sadao S. Munemori Hall at the US Army Reserve Center in West Los Angeles[10]
  • Sadao Munemori American Legion Post 321 in Los Angeles[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Medal of Honor
  1. 1.0 1.1 Tamashiro, Ben H. "The Congressional Medal of Honor: Sadao Munemori," The Hawaii Herald, March 15, 1985; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (M-S)"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  3. Niiya, Brian. (1993). "Munemori, Sadao," Japanese American History: An A-To-Z Reference from 1868 to the Present, p. 241.
  4. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #30102563 (Munemori, Sadao S.); retrieved 2012-12-7.
  5. Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Recipient Private First Class Sadao S. Munemori"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  6. "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  7. "Sadao S. Munemori" at MiltaryTimes.com; as context, compare "Army Secretary Lionizes 22 World War II Heroes" at Defense.gov; retrieved 20121-12-24.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Aoyagi-stom, Caroline. "A Hometown Honor for Sadao Munemori?" Pacific Citizen. April 18, 2008; "California 1993-94 Senate Concurrent Resolution 41," September 9, 1994; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  9. Naval Historical Center, Dictionary Of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Private Sadao S. Munemori"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  10. "Army Facility Memorializes WW II Hero," Los Angeles Times. June 13, 1993; retrieved 2012-12-7.

Other websites[change | change source]