The Samani dynasty (Persian: سامانیان Sāmāniyān), also called the Samanid Empire, or simply Samanids (819–999) was a Tajik state and empire in Central Asia and Greater Iran. It is named after its founder Saman Khuda, who converted to Sunni Islam. He had been born a member of the Zoroastrian nobility. It was the first Persian empire in Greater Iran and Central Asia after the Sassanid Persian empire collapsed because of the Arab conquest.
References[change | change source]
- Encyclopedia Britannica, Online Edition, 2007, Samani Dynasty, LINK
- Ahmed Rashid, The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam or nationalism?, (Oxford University Press, 1994), 166.
- Bernard Lewis, Historians of the Middle East, (Oxford University Press, 1962), 372.
- Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World, Ed. NK Singh, (Global Vision Publishing, 2003), 933.
- Islam after communism: religion and politics in Central Asia By Adeeb Khalid, pg. 148
- A historical atlas of Uzbekistan, By Aisha Khan, Published by The Rosen Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 0823938689, 9780823938681, pg. 23;
- The Cambridge History of Iran, By Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle, Published by Cambridge University Press, 1975, ISBN 0521200938, 9780521200936, pg. 164;
- The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, By Encyclopaedia Britannica Publishers, Inc. Staff, Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc, Published by Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1987, ISBN 0852294433, 9780852294437, pg. 891;
- The monumental inscriptions from early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana, By Sheila Blair, Published by BRILL, 1992, ISBN 9004093672, 9789004093676, pg. 27.
- Shahmiri, Cyrus (2011). "The Samanid Empire - All Empires". allempires.com. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- The History of Iran By Elton L. Daniel, pg. 74