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From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Shitao, Master Shi Planting Pines, c. 1674, ink and colour on paper, National Palace Museum.

Shitao (simplified Chinese: 石涛; traditional Chinese: 石濤, c. 1642 – 1707), born Zhu Ruoji (Chinese: 朱若極), was a Chinese Buddhist monk [en], calligrapher, painter and theoretician [en] of the early Qing dynasty.[1][2] Alongside Bada Shanren [en], he was one of China's most famous Individualist [en] painters of the early Qing dynsasty.[2]


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  1. Hay, Jonathan (2001). Shitao: Painting and Modernity in Early Qing China. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521393423.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Shitao" on the Encyclopædia Britannica online. Archived 12 November 2022