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Temporal range: Late Carboniferous–Recent
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Male solifugid, family Solpugidae, in South Africa.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Dromopoda
Order: Solifugae
Sundevall, 1833

Solifugae is an order of animals that look similar to spiders. They are Arachnids, but they are not spiders. They are also called camel spiders, wind scorpions or sun spiders. The order includes more than 1,000 species in about 153 genera. Much like a spider, the body of a Solifugid is separated into an opisthosoma (abdomen) and a prosoma (a combined head and thorax). Unlike scorpions, they do not have tails.

Most species of Solifugids live in dry climates. They are found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. The largest species grow to a length of 12–15 cm (5–6 in), including legs.[1] They are not normally dangerous to people.[2][3]

References[change | change source]

  1. G. Schmidt (1993) (in German). Giftige und gefährliche Spinnentiere. Westarp Wissenschaften. ISBN 3-89432-405-8.
  2. M. Aruchami & G. Sundara Rajulu (1978). "An investigation on the poison glands and the nature of the venom of Rhagodes nigrocinctus (Solifugae: Arachnida)". Nat. Acad. Sci. Letters (India) 1: 191–192.
  3. David Penney (2009). "Solifugae (camel spiders)". Common Spiders and Other Arachnids of The Gambia, West Africa. Siri Scientific Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-9558636-3-9.