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Soma is a term with two different origins:

  • Soma (drink): a ritual drink of early Indo-Iranians, continued in Vedic and Persian sources.
  • A word of Ancient Greek origin meaning "body".
    • Somatic cell: a basic term in biology, describing the body cells as opposed to the reproductive cells
    • Soma (nerve cell), the body ("perikaryon") of a nerve cell as opposed to its dendrites or axon
  • Soma (fiction), a hallucinogenic drug in Aldous Huxley's novels Brave New World and Island.