|Te Waipounamu (Māori)|
|Area||150,437 km2 (58,084 sq mi)|
|Length||840 km (522 mi)|
|Coastline||5,842 km (3630.1 mi)|
|Highest elevation||3,724 m (12218 ft)|
|Highest point||Aoraki / Mount Cook|
The South Island is the larger of the two main islands of New Zealand. It is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait. The South Island covers 151,215 square kilometres (58,384 sq mi) and has a temperate climate. It is also known by its Māori name, Te Wai Pounamu. About 24% of New Zealand's population live in the South Island.