South Jeolla

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Coordinates: 34°59′23″N 126°28′17″E / 34.98972°N 126.47139°E / 34.98972; 126.47139
South Jeolla Province
전라남도
Province
Country South Korea
Region Honam
Capital Muan
 - coordinates 34°59′23″N 126°28′17″E / 34.98972°N 126.47139°E / 34.98972; 126.47139
Area 12,256.9 km² (4,732 sq mi) [1]
Population 1,940,455 (2010) [2]
Density 158 /km² (409 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 5 cities (Si); 17 counties (Gun)
Governor Park Joon-yung
ISO 3166-2 KR-46
Location of the South Jeolla province
Location of the South Jeolla province
Website: jeonnam.go.kr (English)

South Jeolla Province, or Jeollanam-do (hangul: 전라남도; hanja: 全羅南道; McCune-Reischauer: Chŏllanam-do; Revised Romanization: Jeollanam-do), is a province in the southwest of South Korea.

The province keeps partnerships with many cities and provinces around the world.[3]

History[change | edit source]

The South Jeolla province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. Gwangju was the capital of the province, until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak, Muan County in 2005.

Symbols of the province[change | edit source]

The symbols of the province are:[4]

Geography[change | edit source]

Rice fields in Goheung

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabuk-do Province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do.

The province has an area of 12,256.9 km2 (4,732 sq mi)[1] with a population, as for 2010, of 1,9404,55[2] and a density of 158.3 inhabitants per km².

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,400 kilometres (4,000 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The rivers Somjin, Tamjin and Yeongsam form plains that are very good for growing rice. The largest river is the Yeongsan, 115 kilometres (71 mi) long; it flows to the southwest and forms a estuary in the Yellow Sea at Mokpo.

Climate[change | edit source]

In coastal areas, the climate is mild and humid, with annual rainfall of 1,289 mm and average temperatures of 13–14 °C (55–57 °F). Summer is wet, windy and dry winter. The west side of the Sobaek mountains receives heavy snowfall.[5]

Administrative divisions[change | edit source]

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2012)[6]
South Jeolla Municipal.svg
— City —
1 Yeosu 여수 麗水 296,479
2 Mokpo 목포 木浦 247,207
3 Suncheon 순천 順天 270,274
4 Gwangyang 광양 光陽 144,129
5 Naju 나주 羅州 93,237
County
6 Muan 무안군 務安郡 71,294
7 Haenam 해남군 海南郡 81 321
8 Goheung 고흥군 高興郡 76,118
9 Hwasun 화순군 和順郡 70,757
10 Yeongam 영암군 靈巖郡 64,596
11 Yeonggwang 영광군 靈光郡 58,026
12 Wando 완도군 莞島郡 54 867
13 Damyang 담양군 潭陽郡 48,329
14 Boseong 보성군 寶城郡 49,940
15 Jangseong 장성군 長城郡 47,231
16 Jangheung 장흥군 長興郡 42,643
17 Gangjin 강진군 康津郡 41,160
18 Sinan 신안군 新安郡 46,007
19 Hampyeong 함평군 咸平郡 37,528
20 Jindo 진도군 珍島郡 34,486
21 Gokseong 곡성군 谷城郡 32,896
22 Gurye 구례군 求禮郡 27,765

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Administrative Districts". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP010203. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Population". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP010204. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  3. "International Exchanges". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP0109. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  4. "Symbols of JeollaNamdo". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP010301. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  5. "Climate". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP010305. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. "Demographic Statistics". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. http://english.jeonnam.go.kr/?pid=EP010702. Retrieved 12 August 2013.

Other websites[change | edit source]