South Jeolla Province

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South Jeolla Province
전라남도
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑ReischauerChŏllanam-do
 • Revised RomanizationJeollanam-do
Flag of South Jeolla Province
Official logo of South Jeolla Province
Location of South Jeolla Province
Coordinates: 34°45′N 127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000Coordinates: 34°45′N 127°0′E / 34.750°N 127.000°E / 34.750; 127.000
CountrySouth Korea
RegionHonam
CapitalMuan County
Subdivisions5 cities; 17 counties
Government
 • GovernorKim Yung-rok (Democratic)
Area
 • Total12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Population
 (October, 2014)[1]
 • Total1,902,324
 • Rank6th
 • Density142/km2 (370/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • FlowerCamellia japonica
 • TreeGinkgo
 • BirdOriental turtle dove
ISO 3166 codeKR-46
DialectJeolla
WebsiteOfficial website (English)

South Jeolla Province, or Jeollanam-do (hangul: 전라남도; hanja: 全羅南道; McCune-Reischauer: Chŏllanam-do; Revised Romanization: Jeollanam-do), is a province in the southwest of South Korea.

The province keeps partnerships with many cities and provinces around the world.[2]

History[change | change source]

The South Jeolla province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea. Gwangju was the capital of the province, until the provincial office moved to the southern village of Namak, Muan County in 2005.

Symbols of the province[change | change source]

The symbols of the province are:[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Rice fields in Goheung

The province is part of the Honam region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north by Jeollabukdo province, on the south by Jeju Strait, and on the east by Gyeongsangnam-do province

The province has an area of 12,256.9 square kilometres (4,732 square miles)[4] with a population, as for 2010, of 1,9404,55[1] and a density of 158.3 inhabitants per km².

There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,400 kilometres (4,000 miles) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.

The rivers Somjin, Tamjin and Yeongsam form plains that are very good for growing rice. The largest river is the Yeongsan, 115 kilometres (71 miles) long; it flows to the southwest and forms a estuary in the Yellow Sea at Mokpo.

Climate[change | change source]

In coastal areas, the climate is mild and humid, with annual rainfall of 1,289 millimetres (50.7 inches) and average temperatures of 13–14 degrees Celsius (55–57 degrees Fahrenheit). Summer is wet, windy and dry winter. The west side of the Sobaek mountains receives heavy snowfall.[5]

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

Jeollanam-do is divided into 5 cities (si) and 17 counties (gun). Listed below is the name of each entity in English, hangul, and hanja.

Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2012)[6]
South Jeolla Municipal.svg
— City —
1 Yeosu 여수시 麗水市 296,479
2 Mokpo 목포시 木浦市 247,207
3 Suncheon 순천시 順天市 270,274
4 Gwangyang 광양시 光陽市 144,129
5 Naju 나주시 羅州市 93,237
County
6 Muan 무안군 務安郡 71,294
7 Haenam 해남군 海南郡 81 321
8 Goheung 고흥군 高興郡 76,118
9 Hwasun 화순군 和順郡 70,757
10 Yeongam 영암군 靈巖郡 64,596
11 Yeonggwang 영광군 靈光郡 58,026
12 Wando 완도군 莞島郡 54 867
13 Damyang 담양군 潭陽郡 48,329
14 Boseong 보성군 寶城郡 49,940
15 Jangseong 장성군 長城郡 47,231
16 Jangheung 장흥군 長興郡 42,643
17 Gangjin 강진군 康津郡 41,160
18 Sinan 신안군 新安郡 46,007
19 Hampyeong 함평군 咸平郡 37,528
20 Jindo 진도군 珍島郡 34,486
21 Gokseong 곡성군 谷城郡 32,896
22 Gurye 구례군 求禮郡 27,765

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Population". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  2. "International Exchanges". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  3. "Symbols of JeollaNamdo". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  4. "Administrative Districts". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  5. "Climate". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. "Demographic Statistics". JeollaNamdo, The Land of Green. Retrieved 12 August 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]