|5 genera, 169 species|
The name spitting spider comes from the way these spiders hunt. The spider spits a sticky and poisonous liquid at its prey. The liquid congeals (becomes solid) around the target. When the prey is trapped, the spider bites it to kill it with venom. It then wraps the prey in spider silk like many other spiders do.
A spitting spider attack is very fast. It takes about 1/700th of a second. This kind of spider can spit 10 to 20 millimetres (0.39 to 0.79 in). The spider spits in a Z pattern and criss-crosses its prey in sticky liquid.
There are five genera of spitting spiders:
- Dictis (China to Australia)
- Scyloxes (Tajikistan)
- Scytodes (worldwide)
- Soeuria (Seychelles)
- Stedocys (Malaysia, Thailand)
Sources[change | change source]
- Gilbert, C. and L. S . Rayor. 1985. Predatory behavior of spitting spiders (Araneae, Scytodidae) and the evolution of prey wrapping. J . Arachnol., 13 :231-241
- Piper, Ross (2007), Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual Animals, Greenwood Press.
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