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Splenomegaly is the enlargement of the spleen. It frequently occurs in asscociation with hematological cancers.
Causes[change | change source]
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Polycythemia vera
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Typhoid fever
- Infectious mononucleosis
- Cirrhosis, often as a result of Portal hypertension.
References[change | change source]
- Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology. 2 February 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/197802-overview.
- Emergent Management of Malaria: Overview, Emergency Department Care, Admission Guidelines. 4 January 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/784065-overview.
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology. 2 February 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/199313-overview.
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML): Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology. 11 January 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/199425-overview.
- Typhoid Fever: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. 4 January 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/231135-overview.
- "Cirrhosis - NIDDK". National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.