A sprain is a type of injury in which a person hurts the part really bad, but it is not broken. It has common side affects of a broken bone, but it is less serious.
Degrees[change | change source]
The first degree is only a minor tear or stretch of a ligament.
The second degree is a tear of a ligament, which is usually followed by pain or swelling.
The third degree is a complete rupture.
Signs and symptoms[change | change source]
The typical signs and symptoms associated with a sprain are the main signs of inflammation:
- localized pain
- loss of function
Joints involved[change | change source]
Although any joint can experience a sprain, some of the more common include:
- the ankle. It is the most common.
- the knee. Perhaps one of the more talked about sprains is that to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee. This is a disabling sprain common to athletes, especially basketball, soccer, and judo players.
- the fingers.
- the wrist. The wrist is also a popular sprain area.
Prevention[change | change source]
Sprains can best be prevented by proper use of safety equipment (wrist, ankle guards), warm-ups and cool-downs (including stretching), being aware of your surroundings and maintaining strength and flexibility. Physical conditioning is the best way to avoid or lessen the degree of sprains.
Other websites[change | change source]
- More information and treatment at nhsdirect.nhs.uk Archived 2008-12-07 at the Wayback Machine