Sublimation apparatus. Water, usually cold, is circulated in cold finger to allow the desired compound to be deposited. 1 Cooling water in 2 Cooling water out 3 Vacuum/gas line 4 Sublimation chamber 5 Sublimed compound 6 Crude material 7 External heating
Sublimation is the process by which a solid transforms into a gas without passing through the liquid stage. At normal atmospheric pressure on the surface of the Earth, only some compounds like 'dry ice' (solid carbon dioxide) can go through this process. Most substances can only sublimate at lower pressure. Many can sublimate in space.
Snow may look like it disappears on a cold sunny day, but this is not sublimation because it forms a thin layer of liquid water first.
A better example is CO2, which changes from a solid to a gas without being a liquid.