Subset

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A subset is a set which has some (or all) of the elements of another set, called superset, but does not have any elements that the superset does not have. A subset which does not have all the elements of its superset is called a proper subset. We use the symbol ⊆ to say a set is a subset of another set. We can also use ⊂ if it is a proper subset. The symbols ⊃ ⊇ are opposite - they tell us the second element is a (proper) subset of the first.

Examples:

  • {1,2,3} is a proper subset of {-563,1,2,3,68}.
\{ 1,2,3\} \subset \{-563,1,2,3,68\}
[0;1] \subset R
[0;1] \subset (R~\backslash ~R_-)
  • {46,189,1264} is its own subset, and it's a proper subset of the set of natural numbers.
\{ 46,189,1264\} \subseteq \{ 46,189,1264\}
\{ 46,189,1264\} \subset N