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A subset is a set which has some (or all) of the elements of another set, called superset, but does not have any elements that the superset does not have. A subset which does not have all the elements of its superset is called a proper subset. We use the symbol ⊆ to say a set is a subset of another set. We can also use ⊂ if it is a proper subset. The symbols ⊃ ⊇ are opposite - they tell us the second element is a (proper) subset of the first.


  • {1,2,3} is a proper subset of {-563,1,2,3,68}.
  • {46,189,1264} is its own subset, and it's a proper subset of the set of natural numbers.