Ted Tanouye

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Ted Tanouye
In this Japanese name, the family name is Tanouye.

Ted Takayuki Tanouye (November 14, 1919 – September 6, 1944) was a United States Army soldier. He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Tanouye was born in Torrence, California.[2] His parents were Japanese immigrant parents. He was a Nisei, which means that he was a second generation Japanese-American.

The Tanouye family was interned at the Jerome War Relocation Center near Jerome, Arkansas.[3] and then they were moved to the camp at Rohwer War Relocation Center near Rohwer, Arkansas.

Soldier[change | change source]

Two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Tanouye joined the US Army in February 1942.[4]

Tanouye volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Team.[5] This army unit was mostly made up of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland.[6]

For his actions in July 1944, Tanouye was awarded the Army's second-highest decoration, the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). In the 1990s, there was a review of service records of Asian Americans who received the DSC during World War II. Tanouye's award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor. In a ceremony at the White House on June 21, 2000, he was presented with his medal by President Bill Clinton. Twenty-one other Asian Americans also received the medal during the ceremony, but only seven of them were still alive.[7]

Medal of Honor citation[change | change source]

Tanouye's Medal of Honor recognized his conduct in frontline fighting in northern Italy in 1944.[1] Without the help of others, he attacked a series of enemy positions.[8]

The words of Tanouye's citation explain:

Technical Sergeant Ted T. Tanouye distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 7 July 1944, near Molino A Ventoabbto, Italy. Technical Sergeant Tanouye led his platoon in an attack to capture the crest of a strategically important hill that afforded little cover. Observing an enemy machine gun crew placing its gun in position to his left front, Technical Sergeant Tanouye crept forward a few yards and opened fire on the position, killing or wounding three and causing two others to disperse. Immediately, an enemy machine pistol opened fire on him. He returned the fire and killed or wounded three more enemy soldiers. While advancing forward, Technical Sergeant Tanouye was subjected to grenade bursts, which severely wounded his left arm. Sighting an enemy-held trench, he raked the position with fire from his submachine gun and wounded several of the enemy. Running out of ammunition, he crawled 20 yards to obtain several clips from a comrade on his left flank. Next, sighting an enemy machine pistol that had pinned down his men, Technical Sergeant Tanouye crawled forward a few yards and threw a hand grenade into the position, silencing the pistol. He then located another enemy machine gun firing down the slope of the hill, opened fire on it, and silenced that position. Drawing fire from a machine pistol nest located above him, he opened fire on it and wounded three of its occupants. Finally taking his objective, Technical Sergeant Tanouye organized a defensive position on the reverse slope of the hill before accepting first aid treatment and evacuation. Technical Sergeant Tanouye's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.[9]

Namesake[change | change source]

Tanouye is the namesake of the Torrance National Guard Armory in California.[10]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Medal of Honor
  1. 1.0 1.1 US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (T-Z)"; retrieved 2012-12-29.
  2. City of Torrence, "Ted Tonouye Memorial"; "Citizen Tanouye" at American Public Television (APT); retrieved 2012-12-29.
  3. US Army Center of Military History (CMH), Japanese-American Internee Data File, 1942-1946 #3 283A (Tanoue, Momoe); note that "Tanouye" is misspelled as "Tanoue"; retrieved 2012-12-29.
  4. NARA, WWII Army Enlistment Record #39019913 (Tanouye, Ted T.); retrieved 2012-12-29.
  5. Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Recipient Technician sergeant Ted K. Tanouye"; retrieved 2012-12-29.
  6. "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; retrieved 2012-12-29.
  7. "21 Asian American World War II Vets to Get Medal of Honor" at University of Hawaii Digital History; retrieved 2012-12-27.
  8. CMH, "Asian Pacific American Medal of Honor recipients"; retrieved 2012-12-29.
  9. Gomez-Granger, Julissa. (2008). Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2008, "Tanouye, Ted T.," pp. 20-21 [PDF 24-25 of 44]; retrieved 2012-11-26.
  10. Rasmussen, Cecilia. "WWII Soldier's Heroism Sent a Message About Prejudice," Los Angeles Times. July 4, 2004; retrieved 2012-12-29.

Other websites[change | change source]