Template:IPAc-cmn

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The Purpose Of This Template Is To Convert Pinyin To IPA.

Converting Method[change source]

Example Of Meaning Of Initial And Final: In The Word "Cat" The Initial Is Letter C, The Medial Is Letter a, The Final Is Letter t, But Final And Medial Is Considered Final[1]

Initials[change source]

  • b = p
  • c = tsʰ
  • ch = ʈʂʰ
  • d = t
  • f = f
  • g = k
  • h = x
  • j = tɕ
  • k = kʰ
  • l = l
  • m = m
  • n = n
  • p = pʰ
  • q = tɕʰ
  • r = ɻ
  • s = s
  • sh = ʂ
  • t = tʰ
  • x = ɕ
  • z = ts
  • zh = ʈʂ

Finals[change source]

  • ^ = ɨ
  • ai = ai̯
  • an = an
  • a = a
  • ang = aŋ
  • ao = au̯
  • ei = ei̯
  • en = ən
  • ê = ɛ
  • e = ɤ
  • eng = əŋ
  • yi, i = i
  • yin, in = in
  • ying, ing = iŋ
  • ya, ia = i̯a
  • yang, iang = i̯aŋ
  • yao, iao = i̯au̯
  • ye, ie = i̯e
  • yan, ian = i̯ɛn
  • you, iu = i̯ou̯
  • yo, io = i̯ɔ
  • yong, iong = i̯ʊŋ
  • ou = ou̯
  • o = ɔ
  • wu = u
  • yue, üe, ve = y̯e
  • yuan, üan, van = y̯ɛn
  • ong = ʊŋ
  • wa, ua = u̯a
  • wai, uai = u̯ai̯
  • wan, uan = u̯an
  • wang, uang = u̯aŋ
  • wei, ui = u̯ei̯
  • wen, un = u̯ən
  • weng = u̯əŋ
  • wo, uo = u̯o
  • yu, ü, v = y
  • yun, ün, vn = yn
  • er, ar, air, anr = aɚ̯
  • angr = ɑ̃ɻ˧˥
  • aor = ɑɻʷ
  • ^r = ɨ̯ɚ
  • eir, enr = ɚ
  • engr = ɚ̃
  • e'r = ɤ˞
  • yar, iar = i̯aɚ̯
  • yanr, ianr = i̯ɐɚ̯
  • yangr, iangr = i̯ãɚ̯̃
  • yaor, iaor = i̯au̯˞
  • yinr, inr, yir, ir = i̯ɚ
  • yer, ier = i̯ɚ
  • yingr, ingr = i̯ɚ̃
  • your, iur = i̯ou̯˞
  • yongr, iongr = i̯ʊ̃˞
  • our = ou̯˞
  • yuanr, üanr, vanr = y̯ɐɚ̯
  • yur, ür, vr, yunr, ünr, vnr = y̯ɚ
  • yuer, üer, ver = y̯ɚ
  • ongr = ʊ̃ɻ˥˩
  • war, uar, wair, uair, wanr, uanr = u̯aɚ̯
  • wangr, uangr = u̯ãɚ̯̃
  • weir, uir, wenr, unr = u̯ɚ
  • wengr = u̯ɚ̃
  • wur = u˞
  • wor, uor = u̯o˞
  • M = m̩
  • N = n̩
  • NG = ŋ̩

Reference[change source]