Template:Infobox SCOTUS case

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Assistance[change source]

If you find yourself confused in how to use this template or need assistance, please feel free to leave comments on the talk page.

Usage[change source]

This template aims to standardize U.S. Supreme Court cases. It's a very versatile template that includes features such as: argue dates that are automatically formatted correctly, citations that include a link to the text of the case, and accurate court membership with a much lower chance of error.

For a detailed description of this template's usage, see below. For information about commonly inserted information, refer to this guide. The template is part of WikiProject U.S. Supreme Court cases.

Parameters[change source]

Parameter names shown opposite in italics indicate parameters that form external links.

Optional parameters

Most parameters in this template are optional. Leaving parameters such as ReargueDate, Concurrence5, or Overruled blank is OK and will not change or alter anything in the template. Parameters such as Majority, JoinMajority, etc. are all optional. Any fields that need to be added can be done so easily – either add the code if you feel comfortable doing so, or contact me and I will add the fields you need.

Commonly needed Uncommonly needed
{{Infobox SCOTUS case
  |Litigants=
  |ArgueDate=
  |ArgueYear=
  |DecideDate=
  |DecideYear=
  |FullName=
  |USVol=
  |USPage=
  |ParallelCitations=

  |Docket=XX-XXX

  |OralArgument=http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/argument/
  |OralReargument=http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/reargument/
  |OpinionAnnouncement=http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/opinion/

  |Prior=
  |Subsequent=
  |Holding=
  |SCOTUS=YEAR–YEAR    <!-- &endash; preferred, hyphen accepted -->
  |Majority=
  |JoinMajority=
  |Concurrence=
  |JoinConcurrence=
  |Concurrence2=
  |JoinConcurrence2=
  |Concurrence/Dissent=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent=
  |Dissent=
  |JoinDissent=
  |Dissent2=
  |JoinDissent2=
  |LawsApplied=
}}
{{Infobox SCOTUS case
  |Litigants=
  |Litigants2=
  |Litigants3=
  |Litigants4=
  |Litigants5=
  |OriginalJurisdiction=yes
  |ArgueDate=
  |ArgueDateA=
  |ArgueDateB=
  |ArgueYear=
  |ReargueDate=
  |ReargueDate2=
  |ReargueDateA=
  |ReargueDateB=
  |ReargueDateA2=
  |ReargueDateB2=
  |ReargueYear=
  |ReargueYear2=
  |SubmitDate=
  |SubmitYear=
  |DecideDate=
  |DecideYear=
  |FullName=
  |Docket=
  |Docket2=
  |Docket3=
  |Docket4=
  |Docket5=
  |OralArgument=
  |ParallelCitations=
  |USVol=
  |USPage=
  |Claim=
  |Prior=
  |Procedural=
  |Subsequent=
  |QuestionsPresented=
  |Holding=
  |SCOTUS=YEAR-YEAR
  |PerCuriam=yes
  |Majority=
  |JoinMajority=
  |Majority2=
  |JoinMajority2=
  |Majority3=
  |JoinMajority3=
  |Plurality=
  |JoinPlurality=
  |Concurrence=
  |JoinConcurrence=
  |Concurrence2=
  |JoinConcurrence2=
  |Concurrence3=
  |JoinConcurrence3=
  |Concurrence4=
  |JoinConcurrence4=
  |Concurrence5=
  |JoinConcurrence5=
  |Concurrence/Dissent=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent=
  |Concurrence/Dissent2=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent2=
  |Concurrence/Dissent3=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent3=
  |Concurrence/Dissent4=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent4=
  |Concurrence/Dissent5=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent5=
  |Concurrence/Dissent6=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent6=
  |Concurrence/Dissent7=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent7=
  |Concurrence/Dissent8=
  |JoinConcurrence/Dissent8=
  |Dissent=
  |JoinDissent=
  |ConcurrenceDissent=
  |Dissent2=
  |JoinDissent2=
  |ConcurrenceDissent2=
  |Dissent3=
  |JoinDissent3=
  |ConcurrenceDissent3=
  |Dissent4=
  |JoinDissent4=
  |ConcurrenceDissent4=
  |Dissent5=
  |JoinDissent5=
  |ConcurrenceDissent5=
  |NotParticipating=
  |Seriatim=
  |Seriatim2=
  |Seriatim3=
  |Seriatim4=
  |Seriatim5=
  |LawsApplied=
  |Superseded=
  |Overruled=
  |Overturned previous case=
}}

Argue dates[change source]

Most cases will only need to use ArgueDate, ArgueYear, DecideDate, and DecideYear. Only cases that have more than one argue date need to use ArgueDateA and ArgueDateB. ReargueDate and ReargueYear should only be used if there was a reargue date.

Citations[change source]

USVol and USPage[change source]

Cases should be cited using the U.S. Reports volume and page number in the USVol and USPage fields, respectively. If the case does not yet have a page assigned, use "|USPage=___" (three underscores).

ParallelCitations[change source]

The ParallelCitations field is for additional (parallel) citations for the same case (e.g. "|ParallelCitations=111 S. Ct. 1282; 113 L. Ed. 2d 358").

Docket[change source]

For newer cases (those decided after 2000 or so), you should enter the Supreme Court docket number in the Docket field (e.g. "|Docket=06-1234").

Prior history[change source]

This field can contain citations to prior decisions in the case, in trial court or lower appellate courts, or prior decisions by the subject court; these should be preceded by a two to four word description of the ruling—this (together with the subsequent history, following) is merely the bare bones procedural history of the case—what happened when at what court. Please use the citation only for the preferred court reporter (not all parallel citations) to reduce length. If unreported (as with most criminal convictions, for example), list the ruling, the court, and the date.

Subsequent history[change source]

This field can contain citations to or general descriptions of subsequent decisions by lower courts after a remand or vacation, or by the same court, as in a denial of rehearing, or continuing proceedings in a trial court.

Holding[change source]

A very brief (one or two sentence) description of what the central ruling of the case was. This may or may not be fact-specific, depending on how broadly the court's opinion was worded; follow with a short statement of what the specific outcome of the case was.

Court membership[change source]

To add the court membership, you need to put in the key from the list below which covers the relevant year in which the court issued the case decision, not heard oral argument. This will automatically fill in the members of the court for the appropriate year(s). The syntax is "|SCOTUS=yyyy[c][–yyyy]". That is, it takes one of the three forms:

  • "|SCOTUS=1939" for a single-year composition
  • "|SCOTUS=1969b" for the rare case of more than one composition within a year
  • "|SCOTUS=1940–1941" for the usual range of years, which should be separated by an endash per WP:YEAR, but a hyphen is also acceptable.

Court composition key[change source]

To view the make-up of each Court, see List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States by court composition.

1789–1844 1845–1903 1903–1956 1956–present
  • 1789–1792
  • 1792–1793
  • 1793
  • 1793–1795
  • 1795
  • 1796–1798
  • 1798–1799
  • 1799
  • 1799–1800
  • 1800
  • 1801–1804
  • 1804–1806
  • 1807
  • 1807–1810
  • 1810–1811
  • 1811–1812
  • 1812–1823
  • 1823–1826
  • 1826–1828
  • 1828–1829
  • 1830–1834
  • 1835
  • 1836–1837
  • 1837–1838
  • 1838–1841
  • 1842–1843
  • 1843–1844
  • 1845–1846
  • 1846–1851
  • 1851–1852
  • 1853–1857
  • 1858–1860
  • 1860–1861
  • 1862–1863
  • 1863–1864
  • 1864–1865
  • 1865–1867
  • 1867–1870
  • 1870–1872
  • 1873
  • 1874–1877
  • 1877–1880
  • 1881
  • 1882–1887
  • 1888
  • 1888–1889
  • 1890
  • 1891–1892
  • 1892–1893
  • 1893
  • 1894–1895
  • 1896–1897
  • 1898–1902
  • 1902–1903
  • 1903–1906
  • 1906–1909
  • 1910
  • 1911
  • 1912–1914
  • 1914–1916
  • 1916
  • 1916–1921
  • 1921–1922
  • 1922
  • 1923
  • 1923–1925
  • 1925–1930
  • 1930
  • 1930–1932
  • 1932–1937
  • 1937–1938
  • 1938
  • 1939
  • 1940–1941
  • 1941–1942
  • 1943–1945
  • 1945–1946
  • 1946–1949
  • 1949–1953
  • 1953–1954
  • 1955–1956
  • 1956–1957
  • 1957–1958
  • 1958–1962
  • 1962
  • 1962–1965
  • 1965–1967
  • 1967–1969
  • 1969
  • 1969b
  • 1970–1971
  • 1972–1975
  • 1975–1981
  • 1981–1986
  • 1986–1987
  • 1988–1990
  • 1990–1991
  • 1991–1993
  • 1993–1994
  • 1994–2005
  • 2005–2006
  • 2006–2009
  • 2009–2010
  • 2010–2016
  • 2016
  • 2017

Case opinions[change source]

All the written opinions handed down in the case are listed in the following categories of majority, concurrent, etc. Always follow the designations used in the reported decision.

List all justices under these headings only by their last name, as their full names are already given above in the court membership section.

Note: If a judge recused or was otherwise absent, use the NotParticipating field to document that.

Majority[change source]

The justice who authored the majority opinion.

Joined by[change source]

The justices who joined in the majority/plurality opinion. Early cases (18th – mid-19th century) may not list who has joined in the majority—unless they are listed as the author of a separate concurrence or dissent, or as joining such a separate opinion, list them as joining the majority.[needs to be explained] If the decision was unanimous, simply say that it was joined by a "unanimous court" rather than relisting every judge.

Concurrences, concurrence/dissents, dissents[change source]

List all concurrences, followed by concurrence/dissents, followed by dissents. Within each grouping, try to order the opinions by the seniority of the authoring justice, with the chief justice always considered the most senior regardless of actual length of tenure.

Concurrence/dissent[change source]

These will usually be labeled in the original opinion as "concurring in part and dissenting in part". Follow these designations, because from the text of the opinion alone it is sometimes difficult to tell concurrences from dissents from partial concurrences/partial dissents.

Laws applied[change source]

These are citations to the constitutional and statutory provisions that were the primary basis for the decision only. They do NOT include case law, nor every law that happens to be cited in the case or that is rejected as inapplicable with minimal discussion.

Manual of Style[change source]

This is a proposed manual of style. Its contents are based on the infoboxes found in various case articles, but notably the styles used in the three featured-article cases: Dred Scott v. Sandford, Roe v. Wade, and Lawrence v. Texas. This manual attempts to add consistency throughout all of the case articles. This manual's aim is to focus on the style that is currently widely used throughout United States Supreme Court cases. It is in no way a final draft, or set in stone. Changes should be made to it, and then implemented in the different articles.

The manual follows the template's layout. All parameter names are in bold (e.g. Litigants). Cases inside a single set of brackets [ ] are examples where a certain item can be seen "in action."

General notes[change source]

Formatting is done automatically. There is no need to use wiki markup ('' or ''') or HTML (<b> or <i>) for most parameters. Exceptions are: Prior, Subsequent, Superseded, Overruled, and Overturned previous case.

Litigants[change source]

In almost all cases, Litigants will be the same as the name of the article, often also known as the short name of the case found at the top of the printed pages of the case [Dred Scott v. Sandford].

Argue date[change source]

Most cases will simply need to use ArgueDate and ArgueYear. If the case was argued over more than one day, ArgueDateA and ArgueDateB can be employed. Unless the argue dates span over more than one month, the month's name should only be used once [Eisenstadt v. Baird]. If a case was reargued, the same style should be used [Champion v. Ames]. Also, the full name of the month should always be used.

Older cases may not list an argue date. Thorough research can generally produce one, but if a date can not be found, leave the parameters blank. Other old cases will have a submitted date; in these instances, use SubmitDate and SubmitYear [Nix v. Hedden].

Decide date[change source]

There is only ever one DecideDate and DecideYear.

Full name[change source]

The full case name should try to include the first and last names of all parties and whatever other information is included in the full name of the case [Bowers v. Hardwick]. For example, Michael J. Bowers, Attorney General of Georgia v. Michael Hardwick, et al. If that information cannot be found, using a shorter name of the case is permissible.

Any time "et al." is used, there should always be a comma preceding it.

Volume and page[change source]

USVol and USPage are the United States Reports volume number and starting page on which the case was reported.

Docket number[change source]

Newer cases should use Docket (e.g. "|Docket=05-184") [Hamdan v. Rumsfeld].

Citations[change source]

The U.S. Reports citation will be generated automatically from the USVol and USPage fields. Most cases should include additional citations such as the Supreme Court Reporter (S. Ct.) in the ParallelCitations field. You should not begin this field with anything other than the next citation; a semicolon or another space is redundant [Loving v. Virginia]. Each citation should be separated by a semicolon and a single space, never any other type of punctuation (e.g. "|ParallelCitations=87 S. Ct. 1817; 18 L. Ed. 2d 1010; 1967 U.S. LEXIS 1082").

Newer cases that have yet to be assigned a specific volume and page should use "|USPage=___" (three underscores). The correct volume that a case will be in when it's assigned its page can be found on the Supreme Court's website; it will be on top of every odd-numbered page of the PDF slip opinion except the first. Other citations will be available and should be separated by a semi-colon and a single space [eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C.].

Prior history[change source]

Prior is the most lenient field. The information here should be whatever you can gather. Sometimes that will be only a short statement [Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha] or may be more in-depth [Roe v. Wade]. All formatting here must be added by the user. Prior should never end in a period, comma, or semi-colon. An exception can be made if a period is used as part of an abbreviation.

Subsequent history[change source]

Subsequent is optional. Newer cases most likely won't have a subsequent history. Older cases may never have gone any further after being decided by the Supreme Court. A simple "None" can be used in this instance.[needs to be explained] Once again, Subsequent should never end in a period, comma, or semi-colon. An exception can be made if a period is used as part of an abbreviation and all formatting here must be added by the user.

Holding[change source]

Holding consists of a few sentences describing the Court's ruling. It should be concise and it should always end in a period.

Court membership[change source]

SCOTUS contains the court composition years in which the case was decided [Lawrence v. Texas]. Use the key above and fill in the code for the relevant years during which the case was decided. This will automatically fill in the members of the court for the appropriate year(s). The syntax is "|SCOTUS=yyyy[c][–yyyy]". That is, it takes one of the three forms:

  • "|SCOTUS=1939" for a single-year composition
  • "|SCOTUS=1969b" for the rare case of more than one composition within a year
  • "|SCOTUS=1940–1941" for the usual range of years, which should be separated by an endash per WP:YEAR, but a hyphen is also acceptable


Case opinions[change source]

Laws applied[change source]

Previous cases[change source]

Superseded[change source]

Superseded is used when a later case partially changes the ruling in an earlier case. For example, the case of Ring v. Arizona superseded Walton v. Arizona, as it partially overruled the previous case. The earlier case gets the |Superseded= parameter set to the italicized, wikilinked named of the later case (as if the parameter were actually named "Superseded by", which is the heading that appears in the Infobox).

For example, in Walton v. Arizona, we set |Superseded=''[[Ring v. Arizona]]'' .

Note: There is currently no equivalent "Supersedes" parameter to be set in the later article.

Overruled[change source]

Overruled may be used where a later case changes the findings in an earlier one. As noted above in the Ring case, it also overruled Spaziano v. Florida. The earlier case gets the |Overruled= parameter set to the italicized, wikilinked named of the later case (as if the parameter were actually named "Overruled by", which is the heading that appears in the Infobox).

For example, in Spaziano v. Florida, we set |Overruled=''[[Ring v. Arizona]]'' .

Note: There is currently no equivalent "Overrules" parameter to be set in the later article.

Overturned previous case[change source]

If the holding of a case is completely changed by a later case, the original case is said to be overturned. Unlike |Overrules= and |Supersedes=, in the later case article, the |Overturned previous case= parameter should be set to the value of the earlier case, including italicizing and wikilinking markup (as if the parameter were actually named "Overturns").

For example, the Supreme Court overturned a prior case when it announced in Lawrence v. Texas that it had been wrong in deciding the original case of Bowers v. Hardwick. In the Lawrence v. Texas article, we set |Overturned previous case=''[[Bowers v. Hardwick]]''.

Note: There is currently no equivalent "Overturned by" parameter to be set in the earlier article.

Template data[change source]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools;

TemplateData for Infobox SCOTUS case

Infobox for United States Supreme Court cases

Template parameters

This template prefers block formatting of parameters.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
LitigantsLitigants

no description

Unknownrequired
Litigants2Litigants2

no description

Unknownoptional
Litigants3Litigants3

no description

Unknownoptional
Litigants4Litigants4

no description

Unknownoptional
Litigants5Litigants5

no description

Unknownoptional
Date arguedArgueDate

no description

Example
January 1
Unknownsuggested
ArgueDateAArgueDateA

no description

Unknownoptional
ArgueDateBArgueDateB

no description

Unknownoptional
ArgueDateCArgueDateC

no description

Unknownoptional
Year arguedArgueYear

no description

Example
1970
Unknownsuggested
Date rearguedReargueDate

no description

Unknownoptional
Year rearguedReargueYear

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueDate2ReargueDate2

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueYear2ReargueYear2

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueDateAReargueDateA

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueDateA2ReargueDateA2

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueDateBReargueDateB

no description

Unknownoptional
ReargueDateB2ReargueDateB2

no description

Unknownoptional
Date submittedSubmitDate

no description

Unknownoptional
Year submittedSubmitYear

no description

Unknownoptional
Date decidedDecideDate

no description

Example
January 1
Unknownsuggested
Year decidedDecideYear

no description

Example
1970
Unknownsuggested
Full case nameFullName

no description

Unknownsuggested
United States Reports volume numberUSVol

no description

Unknownsuggested
United States Reports page numberUSPage

no description

Unknownsuggested
Parallel citationsParallelCitations

no description

Unknownsuggested
Docket numberDocket

Supreme Court docket number for newer cases (those decided after 2000 or so)

Unknownsuggested
Docket2Docket2

no description

Unknownoptional
Docket3Docket3

no description

Unknownoptional
Docket4Docket4

no description

Unknownoptional
Docket5Docket5

no description

Unknownoptional
Oral argument URLOralArgument

no description

Example
http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/argument/
Unknownsuggested
Oral reargument URLOralReargument

no description

Example
http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/reargument/
Unknownsuggested
Opinion announcement URLOpinionAnnouncement

no description

Example
http://www.oyez.org/cases/YYYY-YYYY/YYYY/YY-Docket/opinion/
Unknownsuggested
ClaimClaim

no description

Unknownoptional
PriorPrior

no description

Unknownsuggested
ProceduralProcedural

no description

Unknownoptional
Subsequent historySubsequent

no description

Unknownsuggested
Questions presentedQuestionsPresented

no description

Unknownoptional
HoldingHolding

no description

Unknownsuggested
Court membershipSCOTUS

The date range uniquely describing the court's composition

Example
2010-2016
Unknownsuggested
PerCuriamPerCuriam

no description

Unknownoptional
Majority opinion byMajority

The justice who authored the majority opinion.

Unknownsuggested
Majority joined byJoinMajority

no description

Unknownsuggested
Second majority byMajority2

no description

Unknownoptional
Second majority joined byJoinMajority2

no description

Unknownoptional
Third majority byMajority3

no description

Unknownoptional
Third majority joined byJoinMajority3

no description

Unknownoptional
Plurality byPlurality

no description

Unknownoptional
Plurality joined byJoinPlurality

no description

Unknownoptional
Second plurality byPlurality2

no description

Unknownoptional
Second plurality joined byJoinPlurality2

no description

Unknownoptional
Third plurality byPlurality3

no description

Unknownoptional
Third plurality joined byJoinPlurality3

no description

Unknownoptional
Fourth plurality byPlurality4

no description

Unknownoptional
Fourth plurality joined byJoinPlurality4

no description

Unknownoptional
ConcurrenceConcurrence

no description

Unknownsuggested
JoinConcurrenceJoinConcurrence

no description

Unknownsuggested
Concurrence2Concurrence2

no description

Unknownsuggested
JoinConcurrence2JoinConcurrence2

no description

Unknownsuggested
Concurrence3Concurrence3

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence3JoinConcurrence3

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence4Concurrence4

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence4JoinConcurrence4

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence5Concurrence5

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence5JoinConcurrence5

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence6Concurrence6

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence6JoinConcurrence6

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence7Concurrence7

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence7JoinConcurrence7

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence8Concurrence8

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence8JoinConcurrence8

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/DissentConcurrence/Dissent

no description

Unknownsuggested
JoinConcurrence/DissentJoinConcurrence/Dissent

no description

Unknownsuggested
OralArgumentsOralArguments

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent2Concurrence/Dissent2

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent2JoinConcurrence/Dissent2

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent3Concurrence/Dissent3

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent3JoinConcurrence/Dissent3

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent4Concurrence/Dissent4

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent4JoinConcurrence/Dissent4

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent5Concurrence/Dissent5

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent5JoinConcurrence/Dissent5

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent6Concurrence/Dissent6

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent6JoinConcurrence/Dissent6

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent7Concurrence/Dissent7

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent7JoinConcurrence/Dissent7

no description

Unknownoptional
Concurrence/Dissent8Concurrence/Dissent8

no description

Unknownoptional
JoinConcurrence/Dissent8JoinConcurrence/Dissent8

no description

Unknownoptional
Dissent byDissent

no description

Unknownsuggested
Dissent joined byJoinDissent

no description

Unknownsuggested
ConcurrenceDissentConcurrenceDissent

no description

Unknownoptional
Second dissent byDissent2

no description

Unknownsuggested
Second dissent joined byJoinDissent2

no description

Unknownsuggested
ConcurrenceDissent2ConcurrenceDissent2

no description

Unknownoptional
Third dissent byDissent3

no description

Unknownoptional
Third dissent joined byJoinDissent3

no description

Unknownoptional
ConcurrenceDissent3ConcurrenceDissent3

no description

Unknownoptional
Fourth dissent byDissent4

no description

Unknownoptional
Fourth dissent joined byJoinDissent4

no description

Unknownoptional
ConcurrenceDissent4ConcurrenceDissent4

no description

Unknownoptional
Fifth dissentDissent5

no description

Unknownoptional
Fifth dissent joined byJoinDissent5

no description

Unknownoptional
Justice not participatingNotParticipating

If one or more judges were on the court at the time the decision was rendered, yet did not participate in the case because of a recent appointment, recusal, or other absence, list them here.

Unknownoptional
SeriatimSeriatim

no description

Unknownoptional
Seriatim2Seriatim2

no description

Unknownoptional
Seriatim3Seriatim3

no description

Unknownoptional
Seriatim4Seriatim4

no description

Unknownoptional
Seriatim5Seriatim5

no description

Unknownoptional
Laws appliedLawsApplied

no description

Unknownsuggested
SupersededSuperseded

no description

Unknownoptional
OverruledOverruled

no description

Unknownoptional
Previous cases overturnedOverturned previous case

no description

Unknownoptional
AbrogatedAbrogated

no description

Unknownoptional
Italic titleitalic title

no description

Unknownoptional
Categorycategory

no description

Unknownoptional
CitationCitation

no description

Unknownoptional
OutcomeOutcome

no description

Unknownoptional
RelatedRelated

no description

Unknownoptional

See also[change source]