Template:Infobox earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

For presenting the key data of an earthquake in a consistent, standardized format.

Usage[change source]

{{Infobox earthquake
 | name        = 
 | image       = <!-- file name only -->
 | alt         = 
 | caption     = 
 | map         = <!-- file name only -->
 | map_alt     = 
 | map_caption =
 | pushpin_map = <!-- as per Template:Location map -->
 | pre-1900    = <!-- Set to 'yes' if before 1900-01-01. Relaxes timestamp format -->
 | timestamp   = <!-- UTC date/time ("origin time") in yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:[ss] format -->
 | isc-event   = <!-- ISC event id, or "n/a". SEE BELOW -->
 | anss-url    = <!-- Url (or fragment) of USGS-ANSS event page, or "n/a". SEE BELOW. -->
 | local-date  = <!-- Local date of area most affected: '{{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}' -->
 | local-time  = <!-- From newspapers? Include timezone -->
 | date        = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'local-date' -->
 | time        = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'local-time' -->
 | origintime  = <!-- *Deprecated*. Use 'timestamp' -->
 | duration    =
 | magnitude   = <!-- 'N.N {{M|?|link=y}}'. Get proper code from source. See below. -->
 | depth       = <!-- '{{convert|NNN|km|mi|0|abbr=on}}' -->
 | location    = <!-- '{{coord|XXXXX|region:XX_type:event|display=inline,title}}' -->
 | fault       = 
 | type        =
 | affected    = 
 | damages     = <!-- cost/extent of property damage -->
 | intensity   =
 | pga         = <!-- NN ''[[Peak ground acceleration|g]]'' -->
 | pgv         = <!-- NN cm/s -->
 | tsunami     = 
 | landslide   =
 | foreshocks  =
 | aftershocks =
 | casualties  =
 | engvar      = <!-- follow article: =en-UK will show 'Epicentre' -->
 | citations    =
}}

Examples[change source]

2007 Peru earthquake
Picture showing earthquake damage.
Piles of rubble, one week after the shock
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake.
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks epicenter.
UTC time2007-08-15 23:40:58
ISC event1280473
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateAugust 15, 2007 (2007-08-15)
Local time18:40
Magnitude8.0 Mw
Depth39 km (24 mi)
Epicenter13°21′14″S 76°30′32″W / 13.354°S 76.509°W / -13.354; -76.509Coordinates: 13°21′14″S 76°30′32″W / 13.354°S 76.509°W / -13.354; -76.509
FaultNazca-South American plate
Areas affectedIca Region (Pisco, Ica and Chincha Alta) and Lima Region (San Vicente de Cañete)
Tsunamiflooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
Casualties519 confirmed dead, 1,366 injured
{{Infobox earthquake
 | name        = 2007 Peru earthquake
 | image       = 40 - Tremblement de terre - Août 2007.JPG
 | alt         = Picture showing earthquake damage.
 | caption     = Piles of rubble, one week after the shock
 | map         = Peru Quake Aug 15-2007.jpg
 | map_alt     = Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake.
 | map_caption = Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks [[epicenter]].
 | timestamp   = 2007-08-15 23:40:37
 | isc-event   = 1280473
 | anss-url    = usp000fjta
 | local-date  = {{Start date|2007|8|15}}
 | local-time  = 18:40
 | magnitude   = 8.0 {{M|w|link=y}}
 | depth       = {{convert|39|km|mi|abbr=on}}
 | location    = {{coord|13.354|S|76.509|W|region:PE_type:event|display=inline,title}}
 | fault       = [[Nazca Plate|Nazca]]-[[South American Plate|South American plate]]
 | affected    = [[Ica Region]] ([[Pisco, Peru|Pisco]], [[Ica (city)|Ica]] and [[Chincha Alta]]) and [[Lima Region]] ([[San Vicente de Cañete]])
 | tsunami     = flooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
 | casualties  = 519 confirmed dead, 1,366 injured
}}

New parameters[change source]

As of March, 2018, new parameters have been added to resolve some long-running problems regarding the specification of the date and time of earthquakes. On one hand, the local population (for whom the event has the most significance) and local sources identify an earthquake by the local day and time-of-day, which is also a significant factor in societal impact. On the other hand, earthquake catalogs identify and index earthquakes by their UTC time. Unfortunately, this Infobox has had only one pair of parameters for this purpose – 'date' and 'time' – and indicated neither to the editor whether local or UTC time should be used, nor to the reader which time was used (unless an editor was thoughtful enough to indicate the time zone). There is also an 'origintime' which, being similar to the "origin time" used in some catalogs, suggested UTC time and format, but, when used, actually supplanted the value given for 'time'. Some editors have used a time conversion utility to derive a UTC time from a specified local time, but this is a dubious practice: the UTC time actually used to index a quake should be obtained directly, not calculated from a non-authoritative local time.

These issues can now be avoided by using three new parameters: timestamp, local-date, and local-time. The latter are two are exactly what they say they are: the local day and time, and labeled as such in the display. There are no restrictions on how these are formatted; lacking any other guidelines they can be formatted at the editor's discretion. On the other hand, 'timestamp' is the quake's UTC time in all numeric 'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss' (ISO) format (the seconds being optional), as found in an authoritative catalog. A properly formatted UTC timestamp is now required (unless 'pre-1900' is set); any other text (including timezone or citations) generates an error. Adding "UTC" is not necessary, as that is included in the displayed label: "UTC time". With these new parameters the use of the ambiguous 'date' and 'time' parameters is deprecated, and should be removed. However, please do not simply copy the old values. These should be checked with an authoritative source such as the ANSS or ISC (see below), which have chronological indices (here and here).

There is also a pre-1900 parameter. Setting this to "yes" identifies a quake as being "historical" (meaning it occurred before the dawn of the instrumental period), relaxes the formatting otherwise required for 'timestamp', and makes certain other parameters optional.

Please note that newspapers and other news sites are NOT reliable sources for the technical details of earthquakes, such as time, location, depth, and – most importantly – magnitude. For details of "breaking news" earthquakes recourse should be had to the same source the news agencies go to: the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS), a partnership of the USGS (NEIC) and various regional networks which monitors global seismicity and provides information on notable events, usually within 15 minutes. (See Latest Earthquakes, or the Significant Earthquake archive, which link to specific event pages in the Comprehensive Catalog.) The new anss-url parameter provides a link to a specific event page, given either the whole url to the event page (e.g.: |anss-url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/usp000fjta), or just the final part (e.g.: |anss-url=usp000fjta). For uncataloged events (mainly before 1964) use "n/a" ("not available").

The new isc-event parameter provides a link to the event's bibliography page at the International Seismological Centre (ISC) (see chronological Event Index), with a summary of the preferred magnitude and epicenter, and a link to the event's data page. Data collected by the ISC is generally not available until about two months after the event. After two years all available data is reviewed and the magnitudes and location recalculated to provide the most authoritative values available. For uncataloged events (mainly before 1964) use "n/a" ("not available").

Replacement of the deprecated parameters with the new parameters should include verification of the data, and citation to the authoritative source. For this purpose please see the {{cite anss}} and {{cite isc}} templates.

Doublet earthquakes[change source]

Doublet example
UTC timeDoublet earthquake:    
 2011-02-21 23:51:42
 2011-02-22 00:04:17
ISC event 
 16168897
 16461282
Local dateFebruary 21, 2011
Local time 
 13:54 a.m
 14:05 p.m.
Magnitude 
 6.1 Mw
 5.5 Mw

There are special provisions for handling doublet earthquakes, the small number of large earthquakes where the main rupture is interrupted or delayed, resulting in two (or more: multiplet) shocks of similar magnitude, usually within minutes to days of each other. These are not aftershocks (a series of consequent events that usually begin a whole magnitude less than the main shock and steadily diminish in magnitude and frequency according to known laws), these are multiple main shocks. In such cases it incorrect to identify one shock that is slightly bigger than the rest as the main shock, and the rest as foreshocks or aftershocks.

Setting |timestamp=doublet (or "triplet" or "multiplet") produces a wikilink to Doublet earthquake so the reader will understand that the following lines refer to the different parts of a multiple event, not to aftershocks or to different estimates of magnitude for a single event. This feature will automatically add the article to Category:Doublet earthquakes. Where doublets have separate articles and this feature is not used, the category should be explicitly added to each article. In general, stating that the quake is a doublet should be contingent on a source.

For handling multi-part main shocks, five parameters – timestamp, isc-event, anss-url, local-time, and magnitude – have a suffixed form (e.g.: timestamp-A, etc.) for adding multiple values, as seen in the example. Other parameters (like depth, intensity, etc.) are free-format, and multiple values can be added by judicious use of "<br>" and "&nbsp;". To enable explicit labeling of each part add the line |tags=y. See the articles in Category:Doublet earthquakes for examples; see 2010 Mindanao earthquakes for a complex example.

Microformat[change source]

The HTML mark-up produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat that makes event details readily parsable by computer programs. This aids tasks such as the cataloguing of articles and maintenance of databases. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please visit the Microformat WikiProject.
Classes used

The HTML classes of this microformat include:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent
Please do not rename or remove these classes
nor collapse nested elements which use them.

See also[change source]

Tracking categories[change source]

The following identify articles needing attention.

TemplateData[change source]

Extended content
This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox earthquake

Infobox for an earthquake

Template parameters

This template prefers block formatting of parameters.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Namename title

no description

Example
2007 Peru earthquake
Stringoptional
Imageimage

file name only

Example
40 - Tremblement de terre - Août 2007.JPG
Fileoptional
Image_sizeimage_size

no description

Unknownoptional
Altalt image alt

no description

Example
Picture showing earthquake damage.
Unknownoptional
Captioncaption imagecaption

no description

Example
Piles of rubble, one week after the shock
Unknownoptional
Mapmap

file name only

Example
Peru Quake Aug 15-2007.jpg
Fileoptional
Map_sizemap_size mapsize

no description

Unknownoptional
Map_altmap_alt map alt

no description

Example
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake.
Stringoptional
Map_captionmap_caption image name

no description

Example
Map of the Peru coastline, showing location and strength of quake. Star marks [[epicenter]].
Stringoptional
Pushpin Mappushpin_map

The name of a location map as per Template:Location map (eg. Indonesia or Russia). The coordinates field position a pushpin mark and label on the map automatically.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Mapsizepushpin_mapsize

The width to display the pushpin map, in pixels. Just the number, without "px". If omitted or left empty, defaults to 220.

Numberoptional
Pushpin Map Alternativepushpin_map_alt

Alt text for the pushpin map.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Map Captionpushpin_map_caption

Caption to display below the pushpin map. If left blank or omitted, a caption will not be displayed.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Reliefpushpin_relief

Any non-blank value (yes, 1, etc.) will cause the template to display a relief map image, where available (see example 1). For additional information, see Template:Location map#Relief parameter.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Imagepushpin_image

Name of an alternative map image, which must have the same edge coordinates as the location map template specified via pushpin_map

Pageoptional
Pushpin Labelpushpin_label

The text of the label to place next to the pushpin mark. The default is no label.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Label Positionpushpin_label_position

The position of the label on the pushpin map relative to the pushpin mark (see example 5). Valid values are left, right, top and bottom. This defaults to either left or right, depending on the coordinates of the marker and its position relative to the right border of the map image.

Stringoptional
Pushpin Markpushpin_mark

The name of an image to display as the pushpin mark. The default is File:Bullseye1.png ( Bullseye1.png ).

Stringoptional
Pushpin Marksizepushpin_marksize

The size of the mark in pixels

Numberoptional
(no label, not displayed)pre-1900

Earthquakes prior to 1900 are considered 'historical'.

Default
no
Example
yes
Unknownoptional
UTC timestamptimestamp

UTC date and time in 'yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm[:ss]' format. Required for all earthquakes since 1900.

Example
1989-10-18 00:04:14
Unknownoptional
ISC eventisc-event

ISC event id; automatically linked to the event page. Usually not available until several months after the event.

Example
389808
Unknownoptional
USGS-ANSSanss-url

URL to USGS-ANSS event page

Example
https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/nc216859
Unknownoptional
Local datelocal-date

{{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}

Example
{{Start date|1989|10|18}}
Unknownoptional
Local timelocal-time

Local time, with timezone

Example
5:04 p.m. PST
Unknownoptional
Datedate

{{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}}

Example
{{Start date|2007|8|15}}
Unknownoptional
Origin timetime origintime

no description

Example
23:40:57 [[UTC]]
Unknownoptional
Durationduration

no description

Unknownoptional
Magnitudemagnitude

Get the initial reported magnitude from the USGS-ANSS site. Indicate the scale with {{M}}. Use {{M|w}} for moment magnitude (but only if explicitly stated), {{M|.}} if implicitly Mw, or {{M|?}} if uncertain.

Example
6.9 {{M|w}}
Stringoptional
Depthdepth

{{convert|NNN|km|mi|0|abbr=on}}

Example
{{convert|39|km|mi|abbr=on}}
Stringoptional
Epicenterlocation

{{coord|XXXXX|region:XX_type:event|display=inline,title}}

Example
{{coord|13.354|S|76.509|W|region:PE_type:event|display=inline,title}}
Stringoptional
Faultfault

no description

Example
[[Nazca Plate|Nazca]]-[[South American Plate|South American plate]]
Stringoptional
Typetype

no description

Unknownoptional
Areas affectedaffected countries affected

no description

Example
[[Ica Region]] ([[Pisco, Peru|Pisco]], [[Ica (city)|Ica]] and [[Chincha Alta]]) and [[Lima Region]] ([[San Vicente de Cañete]])
Stringoptional
Total damagedamages damage

cost/extent of property damage

Unknownoptional
Max. intensityintensity

no description

Unknownoptional
Peak accelerationpga PGA

NN ''[[Peak ground acceleration|g]]''

Unknownoptional
Peak velocitypgv PGV

NN cm/s

Unknownoptional
Tsunamitsunami

no description

Example
flooded part of Lima's Costa Verde highway, and much of Pisco's shore
Stringoptional
Landslideslandslide

no description

Unknownoptional
Foreshocksforeshocks

no description

Unknownoptional
Aftershocksaftershocks

no description

Unknownoptional
Casualtiescasualties

no description

Example
519 confirmed dead, 1,366 injured
Stringoptional
Greatest magnitudemaxmagnitude

Swarms-only

Unknownoptional
Mean depthmeandepth

Swarms-only

Unknownoptional
Total eventsevents

Swarms-only

Unknownoptional
English variant languageengvar

en-UK to spell 'Epicentre'

Unknownoptional
Modulemodule embedded misc

no description

Unknownoptional
Citationscitations

no description

Stringoptional
Relatedrelated

no description

Unknownoptional