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This template can be used to create a formatted external link. It formats the appearance of displayed URLs, while making them machine-readable as part of emitted microformat meta-data, inside templates such as infoboxes.

If you wish to display text instead of the URL (e.g. "website" instead of example.com), please do not use this template. Instead, consider using normal wiki markup or Template:Official website. Displaying text instead of the url will render the microformat data invalid.

For web-based references, please see Wikipedia:Citation templates.

Usage[change source]

  • {{URL|example.com}}
    • The first parameter is parsed to see if it takes the form of a complete URL. If it doesn't start with a URI scheme (such as "http:", "https:", or "ftp:"), an "http://" prefix will be prepended to the specified generated target URL of the link.
    • Parameter 2 ({{URL|url name|optional display text}}) is deprecated. See note above for more information and alternative templates.

URL with = character requires numbered parameters[change source]

If the URL contains an equals sign, as is common in a query string, the parameter |1= must be used for the URL ({{URL|1=example.com}}). This applies when the value of the URL is unknown, for example when this template is used in another template specifying the effective URL as a variable value. The deprecated second parameter for the displayed text, if present in legacy uses, must also be explicitly numbered if the first parameter is explicitly numbered ({{URL|1=url name|2=optional display text}}); otherwise it will override the value of the first parameter.

Code Result
{{ URL | 1=https://example.com/?id=42 }} example.com?id=42
{{ URL | 1=https://example.com/?id=42 | 2=Title }} Title

Examples[change source]

The template displays an instructional message if there is no input:

  • {{URL| }}{{URL|example.com|optional display text}}

The template wraps the output in <span class="url">...</span> (see § Microformat) and adds <wbr/> before displayed periods:

  • {{URL | www.example.com }}www.example.com
    <span class="url">[http://www.example.com www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>

The use of http://, https://, a protocol-relative URL, or a different protocol is preserved in the URL but is not shown in the link text:

  • {{URL | http://www.example.com }}www.example.com
    <span class="url">[http://www.example.com www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | https://www.example.com }}www.example.com
    <span class="url">[https://www.example.com www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | //www.example.com }}www.example.com
    <span class="url">[//www.example.com www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | ftp://www.example.com }}www.example.com
    <span class="url">[ftp://www.example.com www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | ftp://ftp.example.com }}ftp.example.com
    <span class="url">[ftp://ftp.example.com ftp<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | irc://irc.example.com/channel }}irc.example.com/channel
    <span class="url">[irc://irc.example.com/channel irc<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/channel]</span>

If the path is only a slash (/) it is not displayed in the link text:

  • {{URL | http://example.com/ }}example.com
    <span class="url">[http://example.com/ example<wbr/>.com]</span>

The template also adds <wbr/> before any displayed slashes (/) in the path:

  • {{URL | example.com/path }}example.com/path
    <span class="url">[http://example.com/path example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path]</span>
  • {{URL | https://example.com/path }}example.com/path
    <span class="url">[https://example.com/path example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path]</span>
  • {{URL | www.example.com/path/ }}www.example.com/path/
    <span class="url">[http://www.example.com/path/ www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path<wbr/>/]</span>
  • {{URL | https://www.example.com/path/ }}www.example.com/path/
    <span class="url">[https://www.example.com/path/ www<wbr/>.example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path<wbr/>/]</span>

Upper case in the domain name is preserved in the URL, but not in the link text (upper case in the path is not changed):

  • {{URL | EXAMPLE.com }}example.com
    <span class="url">[http://EXAMPLE.com example<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | ExampleExample.com }}exampleexample.com
    <span class="url">[http://ExampleExample.com exampleexample<wbr/>.com]</span>
  • {{URL | ExampleExample.com/PathPath }}exampleexample.com/PathPath
    <span class="url">[http://ExampleExample.com/PathPath exampleexample<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/PathPath]</span>

For a URL containing an equal sign (=), use |1=:

  • {{URL |1= example.com/path?page=42 }}example.com/path?page=42
    <span class="url">[http://example.com/path?page=42 example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path?page=42]</span>
  • {{URL |1= https://example.com/path?page=42 }}example.com/path?page=42
    <span class="url">[https://example.com/path?page=42 example<wbr/>.com<wbr/>/path?page=42]</span>

The template supports a optional second parameter which is used as the link text:

  • {{URL | www.example.com | example.com }}example.com
    <span class="url">[http://www.example.com example.com]</span>
  • {{URL | exampleexample.com | ExampleExample.com }}ExampleExample.com
    <span class="url">[http://exampleexample.com ExampleExample.com]</span>
  • {{URL |1= example.com/path?page=42 |2= example.com }}example.com
    <span class="url">[http://example.com/path?page=42 example.com]</span>

The URL may be obtained from Wikidata as shown in this example for Audi (Q23317), where the property official website (P856) contains https://www.audi.com/:

  • {{URL | {{Wikidata|property|Q23317|P856}} }}www.audi.com
    <span class="url">[https://www.audi.com/ www<wbr/>.audi<wbr/>.com]</span>

Microformat[change source]

The template wraps the displayed URL with a class="url" so that it is included in any parent microformat which takes a URL parameter - see our microformats project.

TemplateData[change source]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for URL

A template to display and format a URL, inside other tempates

Template parameters


The URL to be linked

Display text2

The text to be displayed instead of the URL. Deprecated


See also[change source]