Thiệu Trị

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Emperor Thiệu Trị
Emperor of Đại Nam
Reign11 February 1841 – 4 October 1847
PredecessorMinh Mạng
SuccessorTự Đức
Born(1807-06-16)June 16, 1807
Huế, Việt Nam
DiedOctober 4, 1847(1847-10-04) (aged 40)
Huế, Việt Nam
Xương Lăng
SpouseEmpress Từ Dụ
and many concubines
Issue64 (29 princes and 35 princesses)
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Miên Tông
Nguyễn Phúc Tuyền
Era name and dates
Thiệu Trị: 1841 – 1847
Posthumous name
Chương Hoàng đế
Temple name
Hiến Tổ
HouseNguyễn Dynasty
FatherMinh Mạng
MotherEmpress Hồ Thị Hoa
ReligionRuism, Buddhism

Thiệu Trị ([tʰiəw˧˨ʔ t͡ɕi˧˨ʔ]; 16 June, 18074 October, 1847), personal name Nguyễn Phúc Miên Tông,[1] was the third emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty in Vietnamese History. His reign prolonged 7 years, from 1841 until his death in 1847.

Biography[change | change source]

Emperor Thiệu Trị was the eldest son of Emperor Minh Mạng; his mother was Empress Consort Tá Thiên Nhân (personal name Hồ Thị Hoa). He was born in Huế in 1807. Just 13 days after giving birth to Miên Tông, Empress Hồ Thị Hoa deceased, he was taken care by his grandmother, Empress Dowager Nhân Tuyên.[1]

In 1830, Minh Mạng conferred Duke of Trường Khánh to Miên Tông.[1] Thiệu Trị has many wifes and concubines, as well as children. The most famous wife of him was Empress Từ Dụ, mother of Tự Đức, the fourth emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty.

According to the recorded history, the eldest son of Thiệu Trị, Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Bảo, didn't like studying at all. So he left the throne to his second son, Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Nhậm (Emperor Tự Đức).[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Nguyễn Phúc Tộc thế phả. Thuận Hóa Publisher. 1995. pp. 277–278.