Linking verb

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A linking verb is a verb that joins the subject of a sentence to the complement.

Here are some examples of linking verbs:

  • The sky is blue.
  • In the schools are enclosed rooms.
  • The finger is long

('is' and 'are' are the linking verbs that connect the subject to the adjective or adjective phrase that describes it.)

Many languages have one main linking verb. In English, this is the verb to be. People use this verb to show how or what something or someone is. Some languages, for example Portuguese and Spanish, have two different verbs for the two meanings of this verb. Other languages, for example Arabic and Chinese, do not have any linking verbs.

Conjugation of the verb "to be"[change | change source]

Infinitive: to be

Imperative: be
Present participle: being
Past participle: been
Present indicative Past indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive
First-person singular (I) am was be were
Second-person singular (you) are were be were
Third-person singular (he, she, it) is was be were
First-person plural (we) are were be were
Second-person plural (you) are were be were
Third-person plural (they) are were be were