Transient ischemic attack

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Transient ischemic attack
Other namesMini-strokes, mild stroke
SpecialtyNeurology, Vascular surgery
PrognosisSurvival rate ~ 91% (To hospital discharge) 67.2% (five years)[1]

A transient ischemic attack (TIA), commonly known as a mini-stroke, is a minor stroke. Noticeable symptoms usually end in less than an hour. TIA causes the same symptoms seen in strokes like weakness or numbness on one side of the body, loss of vision, difficulty speaking, slurred speech or confusion.[2]

Having multiple TIAs is a risk factor for having a major stroke, and many people with TIA have a major stroke within 48 hours of the TIA.[3][4]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gattellari M, Goumas C, Garden F, Worthington JM (January 2012). "Relative survival after transient ischaemic attack: results from the Program of Research Informing Stroke Management (PRISM) study". Stroke. 43 (1): 79–85. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.636233. PMID 22076008. S2CID 16722015. Lay summary. {{cite journal}}: Cite uses deprecated parameter |lay-url= (help)
  2. Coutts SB, Hill MD, Simon JE, Sohn CH, Scott JN, Demchuk AM (August 2005). "Silent ischemia in minor stroke and TIA patients identified on MR imaging". Neurology. 65 (4): 513–517. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000169031.39264.ff. PMID 16116107. S2CID 24762370.
  3. Easton JD, Saver JL, Albers GW, Alberts MJ, Chaturvedi S, Feldmann E, et al. (June 2009). "Definition and evaluation of transient ischemic attack: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and the Interdisciplinary Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease. The American Academy of Neurology affirms the value of this statement as an educational tool for neurologists". Stroke. 40 (6): 2276–2293. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.192218. PMID 19423857.
  4. Ferro JM, Falcão I, Rodrigues G, Canhão P, Melo TP, Oliveira V, et al. (December 1996). "Diagnosis of transient ischemic attack by the nonneurologist. A validation study". Stroke. 27 (12): 2225–2229. doi:10.1161/01.str.27.12.2225. PMID 8969785.