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Temporal range: Palaeocene recent - present
Anathana ellioti.jpg
Madras Treeshrew (Anathana ellioti)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Order: Scandentia
Wagner, 1855

A treeshrew is a small mammal from the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. They make up the families Tupaiidae and Ptilocercidae and all of order Scandentia. There are 20 species in 5 genera.

Although called treeshrews, they are not true shrews (although they were previously classified in the Insectivora), and are not all arboreal. Among other things, they eat Rafflesia fruit.