Type 14 105 mm cannon

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Type 14 105 mm cannon
Type 14 10cm Cannon.jpg
Type 14 105 mm cannon
TypeField gun
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Service history
In service1925-1945
Used byWar flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svgImperial Japanese Army
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerOsaka Arsenal
Produced1925-?
No. built64
Specifications
Mass3,116.7 kilograms (6,871 lb)
Barrel length3.556 metres (11 ft 8 in) L/34.2

Shell15.77 kilograms (34 lb 12 oz)
Caliber105 mm (4.13 in)
Breechinterrupted screw
Recoilhydropneumatic
Carriagesplit trail
Elevation-5° to +33°
Traverse30°
Rate of fire6-8 rounds/minute
Muzzle velocity620 m/s (2,034 ft/s)
Maximum firing range13,265 metres (14,507 yd)
SightsPanoramic

The Type 14 105 mm cannon (十四式十糎加農砲, Jyūyon-shiki Kanōhō), also known as a "10-cm" gun,[1] was a cannon used by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).[2] It was used during for long-range fire.[3]

This artillery piece was the first medium caliber cannon which was Japanese designed. It the first with a split trail carriage. It was used Imperial Japanese Army but was not considered successful. It was replaced by the Type 92 105 mm cannon.

History[change | change source]

Before World War I, the Imperial Japanese Army mainly had Krupp cannons from Germany. After the Versailles Treaty, the Japanese considered other options including cannon designed by Schneider et Cie from France.[4]

In 1925, IJA began to use the "Type 14" which was based on Schneider designs; however, the Type 14 was not considered successful.

Combat record[change | change source]

Type 14s were used for training units in the Japanese home islands.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Rottman, Gordon L. (2005). Japanese Army in World War II: Conquest of the Pacific 1941-42, p. 50; excerpt, "Japanese '10cm' weapons were actually 105mm weapons."
  2. This cannon type was named "fourteen" because it was ordered in 1925; and 1925 was the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Taishō -- 1925 (Taishō 14).
  3. "Model 14 105 mm cannon," US Technical Manual, pp. 222-223; retrieved 2012-2-18.
  4. Mayer, Sydney L. (1984). The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan, pp. 57-59.

Other websites[change | change source]