Early ones, and later cheap ones, were "manual" typewriters, powered entirely by the user. After the middle 20th century electric typewriters, powered by a motor, became commonplace. Nowadays people use a computer and a printer for the same thing. The first successful typewriters had keyboards arranged in the QWERTY pattern for mechanical reasons. This layout remains the most common.
The paper is usually held by a platen, a cylinder that is automatically moved along when a key is struck.
In the early days of the typewriter, up to the early 1900s, people said that the person typing the letters was a typewriter. Those people became later known as typists.
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