Ugyen Wangchuck

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Ugyen Wangchuck
Ugyen Wangchuck Name.svg
1st King of Bhutan
ReignDecember 17, 1907–August 21, 1926
PredecessorNone (Hereditary Monarchy Created)
SuccessorJigme Wangchuck
IssueJigme Wangchuck

Lemo Wangchuck

Lhadron Wangchuck
HouseWangchuck Dynasty
FatherJigme Namgyal
MotherAshi Pema Choki

Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuck(Dzongkha: Ugyen Wangchuck Name.svg, Wylie: o rgyan dbang phyug; 1862-1926) was the first King of Bhutan from 1907 to 1926. He was born in 1862 to Jigme Namgyal, Penlop (governor) of Trongsa and Ashi Pema Choki. He succeeded his father as Penlop of Trongsa. From his power base in central Bhutan, Ugyen Wangchuck defeated his political enemies and united the country following several civil wars and rebellions in 1882–1885.

In what was an epochal year for the country, in 1907 Ugyen Wangchuck was unanimously chosen as the hereditary monarch of the country by the people at Punakha, the old Capital of Bhutan.

For his services in mediating between the British and Tibetans during the Younghusband Expedition to Lhasa, Tibet,[1] he was knighted by the British in 1904. He was appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) in the 1921 New Year Honours,[2] having already been appointed Knight Commander (KCIE) in 1904.

Honours[change | change source]

Footnotes[change | change source]

  1. Rose, Leo E. (1977). The Politics of Bhutan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8014-0909-7.
  2. "No. 32178". The London Gazette (invalid |supp= (help)). 1 January 1921.

Other websites[change | change source]

Ugyen Wangchuck
Born: 1861 Died: 26 August 1926
Regnal titles
Preceded by
None
(Hereditary Monarchy Created)
First King of Bhutan
17 December 1907 - 21 August 1926
Succeeded by
Jigme Wangchuck