Uncle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A chart showing the names for relationships in an extended family.

Uncle is either a brother of someone's parent. Uncle's child is that person's cousin. A granduncle (or great-uncle) is the brother of a grandparent. A great-granduncle (or great-great-uncle) is the brother of a great-grandparent. Uncle-in-law is the parent's sister's husband or parent-in-law's brother. Co-uncle-in-law is parent-in-law's sister's husband. Granduncle-in-law (or great-uncle-in-law) is the grandparent's sister's husband or grandparent-in-law's brother. Co-granduncle-in-law (or co-great-uncle-in-law) is the grandparent-in-law's sister's husband. Great-granduncle-in-law (or great-great-uncle-in-law) is the great-grandparent's sister's husband or great-grandparent-in-law's brother. A co-great-granduncle-in-law (or co-great-great-uncle-in-law) is the great-grandparent-in-law's sister's husband.

Variation of terms[change | change source]

  • Maternal uncle: mother's full brother.
  • Paternal uncle: father's full brother.
  • Maternal uncle-in-law: mother's full sister's husband.
  • Paternal uncle-in-law: father's full sister's husband.
  • Maternal half-uncle - number one / Half-uncle - number one: mother's maternal half-brother.
  • Maternal half-uncle - number two / Half-uncle - number two: mother's paternal half-brother.
  • Paternal half-uncle - number one / Half-uncle - number three: father's maternal half-brother.
  • Paternal half-uncle - number two / Half-uncle - number four: father's paternal half-brother.
  • Maternal great-uncle - number one / Great-uncle - number one: maternal grandmother's full brother.
  • Maternal great-uncle - number two / Great-uncle - number two: maternal grandfather's full brother.
  • Paternal great-uncle - number one / Great-uncle - number three: paternal grandmother's full brother.
  • Paternal great-uncle - number two / Great-uncle - number four: paternal grandfather's full brother.
  • Maternal great-uncle-in-law - number one / Great-uncle-in-law - number one: maternal grandmother's full sister's husband.
  • Maternal great-uncle-in-law - number two / Great-uncle-in-law - number two: maternal grandfather's full sister's husband.
  • Paternal great-uncle-in-law - number one / Great-uncle-in-law - number three: paternal grandmother's full sister's husband.
  • Paternal great-uncle-in-law - number two / Great-uncle-in-law - number four: paternal grandfather's full sister's husband.
  • Maternal great-great-uncle - number one / Great-great-uncle - number one: maternal grandmother's mother's full brother.
  • Maternal great-great-uncle - number two / Great-great-uncle - number two: maternal grandmother's father's full brother.
  • Maternal great-great-uncle - number three / Great-great-uncle - number three: maternal grandfather's mother's full brother.
  • Maternal great-great-uncle - number four / Great-great-uncle - number four: maternal grandfather's father's full brother.
  • Paternal great-great-uncle - number one / Great-great-uncle - number five: paternal grandmother's mother's full brother.
  • Paternal great-great-uncle - number two / Great-great-uncle - number six: paternal grandmother's father's full brother.
  • Paternal great-great-uncle - number three / Great-great-uncle - number seven: paternal grandfather's mother's full brother.
  • Paternal great-great-uncle - number four / Great-great-uncle - number eight: paternal grandfather's father's full brother.

Avunculus[change | change source]

During the Middle Ages in western Europe, a maternal uncle played a particular role in the family. A young man was often closer to his maternal uncle (from Latin: avunculus or "little grandfather") than to his own father.[1] Tacitus noted the Franks had very strong ties between a maternal uncle and his nephew.[2] In Roman family relationships the avunculus had a responsibility to defend his nephews as well as his nieces. The maternal uncle relationship was an extension of the Roman kin system's strong brother-sister relationship.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Thomas Montgomery, Medieval Spanish Epic (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998), p. 67
  2. David Herlihy, Medieval Households (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985), p. 54
  3. Growing Up Fatherless in Antiquity, eds. Sabine R. Hübner; David M. Ratzan (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009), 227