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|Other names||Involuntary urination|
|Anatomy of the lower urinary tract and genital system. The top diagram shows the female urinary system, and the bottom shows the male urinary system.|
Urinary incontinence is the uncontrolled leakage of urine. It is common and has a big effect a person's life. It is an important problem in healthcare for older people. Enuresis is incontinence in children. Nocturnal enuresis is bed wetting. Urinary incontinence UI can can be a source of shame or stigmatization. It creates barriers to successful treatment and makes the problem worse. People may be too embarrassed to seek medical help for urinary incontinence.
Pelvic surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause are major risk factors for urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence can be a symptom of another condition. It is common. Some people might not even tell their doctor about it. There are four main types of urinary incontinence:
- Urge incontinence due to an bladder problem
- Stress incontinence due to urethral sphincter muscle weakness
- Overflow incontinence due to either weak bladder or blockage of the urethra
- Mixed incontinence involving features of different other types
Treatments for urinary incontinence include pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, surgery, and electrical stimulation. Councelling therapy works better than medication for stress and urge incontinence. The benefit of medications is small and long term safety is unclear. Urinary incontinence is more common in older women.
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References[change | change source]
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