Vaccinium

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Vaccinium
Vaccinium berries, from top left clockwise:
Red huckleberry, cranberry, lingonberry and blueberry
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Vaccinioideae
Tribe: Vaccinieae
Genus: Vaccinium
L.

Vaccinium is a genus of plants. All of these plants are shrubs. They are in the family Ericaceae. The plants grow fruits on them. Well-known species of Vaccinium are blueberries, cranberries huckleberries,and Bilberry.

In total, there are about 450 species, which are found in the cooler parts of the Northern Hemisphere. There are a few tropical species, that grow in places like Madagascar or Hawaii. The plants usually grow in heath landscapes or in forests. All vacciniums are classified in the Tribe Vaccinieae of the subfamily Vaccinioideae of the family Ericaceae.Like most plants of the ericaceae, many species grow in Acidic soils.

The larvae of a number of lepidoptera species (moths and butterflies are examples of lepidoptera) grow on these plants.