Vostok 1

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A Vostok spacecraft

Vostok 1 (Russian: Восток-1) meaning Orient 1 or East 1 was the first flight to take a human into space. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961.[1] It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. The flight made one orbit and lasted for 1 hour, 48 minutes.[1]:53 The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and made by the Soviet rocket scientists Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov.

The Vostok spacecraft weighed 4.73 tonne, was 4.4 m (14 ft) long and 2.43 m (8 ft) in diameter.[1]:52 The cosmonaut flew inside a spherical module. He sat on a seat which was also an ejection seat which allowed the cosmonaut to escape from the spacecraft. The flight was simple, the cosmonaut was simply a passenger.[1]:52 There were controls for use in an emergency.[2] The spacecraft had a food locker, radio, an experiment cabinet, and a round window. Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft after re-entry and landed by parachute.

There were six manned Vostok flights, the last one, Vostok 6, carried Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to go into space on June 16, 1963.[1]:53

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Furniss, Tim (2001). The History of Space Vehicles. London: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-370-8.
  2. "Vostok 1". astronautix.com. 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2012.