Model of the Vostok spacecraft
|Operator||Soviet space program|
|Harvard designation||1961 Mu 1|
|Mission duration||1 hour, 48 minutes|
|Manufacturer||Experimental Design Bureau OKB-1|
|Launch mass||4,725 kg (10,417 lb)|
|Landing mass||2,400 kg (5,290 lb)|
|Dimensions||2.30 m (7 ft 6.5 in) diameter|
|Callsign||Кедр (Kedr – Siberian pine)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||April 12, 1961, 06:07UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||April 12, 1961, 07:55UTC|
|Perigee||169 km (91 nmi)|
|Apogee||327 km (177 nmi)|
|Epoch||April 12, 1961|
Yuri Gagarin in Sweden
Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961. It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. The flight made one orbit and lasted for 1 hour, 48 minutes.:53 The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and made by the Soviet rocket scientists Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov.
The Vostok spacecraft weighed 4.73 t (10,400 lb), was 4.4 m (14 ft) long and 2.43 m (8.0 ft) in diameter.:52 The cosmonaut flew inside a spherical module. He sat on a seat which was also an ejection seat which allowed the cosmonaut to escape from the spacecraft. The flight was simple, the cosmonaut was simply a passenger.:52 There were controls for use in an emergency. The spacecraft had a food locker, radio, an experiment cabinet, and a round window. Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft after re-entry and landed by parachute.
References[change | change source]
- "Aviation and Space World Records". Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI). Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Siddiqi, p.275
- "Vostok 1 – NSSDC ID: 1961-012A". NASA.
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- "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Landing Site – Monument Photo". Retrieved December 25, 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Furniss, Tim (2001). The History of Space Vehicles. London: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-370-8.
- "Vostok 1". astronautix.com. 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)