William O. Douglas

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
William O. Douglas
Douglas in a judicial robe
Douglas in the 1930s
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
April 17, 1939 – November 12, 1975[1]
Nominated byFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byLouis Brandeis
Succeeded byJohn Paul Stevens
3rd Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission
In office
August 17, 1937 – April 15, 1939
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byJames Landis
Succeeded byJerome Frank
Personal details
William Orville Douglas

(1898-10-16)October 16, 1898
Maine Township, Minnesota, U.S.
DiedJanuary 19, 1980(1980-01-19) (aged 81)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
  • Mildred Riddle
    (m. 1923; div. 1953)
  • Mercedes Hester Davidson
    (m. 1954; div. 1963)
  • Joan Martin
    (m. 1963; div. 1966)
  • Cathleen Heffernan (m. 1966)
EducationWhitman College (BA)
Columbia University (LLB)

William Orville Douglas (October 16, 1898 – January 19, 1980) was an American jurist and politician who served as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1939 until 1975. He was known for his strong progressive views. He is seen as the Supreme Court's most liberal justice ever, and supported expanding individual rights on a number of fields.[2] So far, he served the longest time of any justice, and wrote the most opinions.

Finally, Douglas was forced to retire in 1975 after a severe stroke. He was previously a politician for the Democratic party and several influential liberals wanted him for vice president alongside Franklin D. Roosevelt for the 1944 presidential elections.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Members of the Supreme Court of the United States". Supreme Court of the United States. Archived from the original on April 29, 2010. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
  2. Martin, Andrew D. "Martin-Quinn Scores".