|Born||23 April 1564
|Died||23 April 1616
|Known for||Plays and poetry|
William Shakespeare (23 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English author who wrote 37 plays and also 2 very long poems in his lifetime. He lived in Stratford-upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, England. His plays are still performed today. He is often quoted in modern writing.
By 1594 he was an actor in The Chamberlain's Men acting company.
His plays are of different kinds, or genres. There are histories, tragedies and comedies. These plays are among the best known in English literature and are studied in schools around the world. Shakespeare wrote his works between about 1590 and 1613.
Shakespeare has been credited for adding new words and phrases to the English language and for making some words more popular.
Life[change | edit source]
He married Anne Hathaway, a woman eight years older than he was. He had three children, Susanna (married John Hall), Hamnet Shakespeare (died at the age of 11 due to unknown reasons) and Judith (married to Thomas Quiney). By 1592 he had become an actor and was becoming well known as a writer of plays. At the time of his death in 1616, only some of his plays had been published in single editions. The plays were collected and published in 1623, six years after he died. His friends had realized that other people were publishing inaccurate copies of the plays.
- "Triumph, my Britain, thou hast one to show,
- To whom all scenes of Europe homage owe.
- He was not of an age, but for all time!"
He was involved in the building of the Globe Theatre in 1599.
Marriage and children[change | edit source]
Although Shakespeare married to a woman and fathered three children, Suzanne, Hamnet and Judith, people have debated his sexuality. Some people, such as Professor Peter Holland of the Shakespeare Institute at Birmingham University, have argued that Shakespeare was possibly bisexual because of some of the sonnets he wrote that were directed toward young men.
Who wrote "Shakespeare"?[change | edit source]
About 150 years after Shakespeare died, some writers began to say that the work called "Shakespeare" were not really written by William Shakespeare. They had various reasons for saying this. For example, the person who wrote "Shakespeare" knew a lot about other countries (especially Italy), but William Shakespeare never left England. Several other writers of "Shakespeare" have been suggested, such as Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, and Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. Most scholars believe that William Shakespeare did write the works that bear his name, but the idea that someone else "wrote Shakespeare" is still talked about.
List of Shakespeare's plays[change | edit source]
Shakespearean tragedies[change | edit source]
- Romeo and Juliet
- King Lear
- Titus Andronicus
- Julius Caesar
- Antony and Cleopatra
- Troilus and Cressida
- Timon of Athens
- The Leena Bible
Shakespearean comedies[change | edit source]
- The Comedy of Errors
- All's Well That Ends Well
- As You Like It
- A Midsummer Night's Dream
- Much Ado About Nothing
- Measure for Measure
- The Tempest
- Taming of the Shrew
- Twelfth Night or What You Will
- The Merchant of Venice
- The Merry Wives of Windsor
- Love's Labour's Lost
- The Two Gentlemen of Verona
- Pericles Prince of Tyre
- The Winter's Tale
Shakespearean histories[change | edit source]
- King John
- Richard II
- Richard III
- Henry IV, part 1
- Henry IV, part 2
- Henry V
- Henry VI, part 1
- Henry VI, part 2
- Henry VI, part 3
- Henry VIII
Lost plays[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- "William Shakespeare". poets.org. 2013. http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/122. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Vernon}, Jennifer (April 22, 2004). "Shakespeare's Coined Words Now Common Currency". news.nationalgeographic.com. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/04/0419_040419_shakespeare.html. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- Ackroyd, Peter 2006. Shakespeare: the biography, London: Vintage. ISBN 9780749386559
- Jonson, Ben 1996. "To the memory of my beloued, The AVTHOR MR. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: AND what he hath left vs", in Shakespeare, William; Hinman, Charlton (ed.); Blayney, The First Folio of Shakespeare. 2nd ed, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0393039854
- "BBC News | ARTS | Painting sparks bard sexuality debate". BBC News (London: BBC). April 22, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1943632.stm. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- Montagne, Renee (July 3, 2008). "Who wrote Shakespeare's plays? Debate goes on". Minnesota Public Radio. http://minnesota.publicradio.org/features/npr.php?id=92142217. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
Other websites[change | edit source]
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