Yo-yo effect

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The Step of Yo-Yo effect

The Yo-yo effect means people rapidly gaining weight after a diet. Other words for this activity are yo-yo dieting or weight cycling. People's weight can move down and back up like a yo-yo when they follow several diets one after another. A person's weight after the diet is often higher than it was before dieting.

The Steps[change | change source]

The steps to the weight cycle are normal eating, weight gain, diet, metabolism slow-down, and end of the diet. But they repeat again and that’s the Yo-Yo effect. For example, Sherman Morrison talks about someone on the website healevate.com, saying, “In the 1990’s she got up to 237 pounds, dropped it back down to 160 in the early 2000’s, but then crept back up over 200. Recently, however, she shed 30 pounds using Weight Watchers.” Which means she first gained weight, then she lost weight, and finally she gained it back. Basically, Morrison is describing that the Yo-Yo effect is gaining and losing weight over and over again.[1]

Causes[change | change source]

The body needs less energy after losing weight on a diet. People have less fatty tissue and often less muscle after the diet. Muscle tissue needs more energy than fatty tissue. Reducing the amount of muscle tissue therefore reduces the need for energy. Also, limit the number of calories people take in. At some point, a dieter's body will change the way it uses energy if there are less calories to burn. The body does this to make sure it survives when less food is available. These changes in the body cause people to gain weight rapidly when they stop dieting and return to their old eating habits.

Avoiding It[change | change source]

People can avoid the yo-yo effect by changing their diet. If a diet works without the body switching to a more efficient way of using calories, there will be no yo-yo effect. A diet should change the dieter's eating habits for a long time. New eating habits should not give the body more energy than it needs. At the end of the diet, it also makes sense to raise the number of calories someone eats slowly. Exercise and sports can increase the amount of calories burned by the body rather than turned into fat.

Celebrities suffering from It[change | change source]

Oprah Winfrey at the Hotel bel Air in Los Angeles during one of her 50th birthday special events. This picture was taken where after she lost weight. Her picture is an example of weight cycling/ the Yo-yo effect.

Several celebrities have struggled with the Yo-Yo effect. For example, Oprah Winfrey, Kirstie Alley, and Tyra Banks all struggled in different ways. Oprah Winfrey lost 68 pounds and gained back to 237 pounds and she needed weight watchers. Kirstie Alley she lost 75 pounds and then she gained them all back and she left Jenny Craig. Weight Watchers is a group of people that want to lose weight and they help you with what you can eat and what you can’t eat. The Jenny Craig method is a three-level plan that helps people lose weight and keep it off.

At the first level, the program teaches clients how to eat the foods they want in small, frequent portions. At the second level, the program teaches clients how to increase their energy levels via simple activity. At the third level, the program teaches clients how to build more balance into their lives in order to maintain weight loss and healthy diet. Tyra Banks gained 30 pounds and lost a few pounds and then she had gotten up to 161 pounds and she ended up not feeling like she is sorry for being fat and not fitting in clothes. That means without staying on track all the time, it will affect people if they start eating the way they used to eat since they already lost weight. They are basically telling us that people needed Weight Watchers or Jenny Craig to help them lose weight and keep it off.[2]

Oprah Winfrey when she was with Barack Obama and Michelle Obama at a get well. This picture taken when she was getting back to her weight again. We chose her as an example for weight cycling/the Yo-yo effect.

Reference List[change | change source]

  1. 12 Celebrities Who Yo-Yo in Size. http://stylecaster.com/12-celebrities-who-yo-yo-in-size/. 
  2. Morrison, Sherman. "Shocking Celebrity Weight Loss Transformations".