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Zhytomyr (Ukrainian: Житомир) is a city in Ukraine, the administrative center of Zhytomyr Oblast. Nearly 271 000 people live here (as of July 2009).

Zhytomyr is a big transportation center. The city lies on a historic way that connects the city of Kiev with the west through Brest. Today it connects Warsaw with Kiev, Minsk with Izmail, and several major cities of Ukraine. Zhytomyr was also the location of Ozerne, an important Cold War strategic plane base that was situated 11 km (6.8 mi) southeast of the city.

Zhytomyr is divided into two districts. It is located on the Teteriv River.

As a legend says, Zhytomyr was founded about 884 by Zhytomyr, prince of a Slavic tribe of Drevlians. This date, 884, is cut in the large stone of the ice age times, that stands on the hill where it was founded.

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