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Zinc antimonide

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Zinc antimonide[1]
IUPAC name
Zinc antimonide
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.708
EC Number
  • 234-893-5 (ZnSb)
UN number 1459
  • [Zn].[Zn+2].[Zn+2].[Zn+2].[Sb].[Sb].[Sb]
ZnSb, Zn3Sb2, Zn4Sb3
Molar mass 434.06 g/mol
Appearance silver-white orthorhombic crystals
Density 6.33 g/cm3
Melting point 546 °C (1,015 °F; 819 K) (565 °C, 563 °C)
Band gap 0.56 eV (ZnSb), 1.2eV (Zn4Sb3)
Orthorhombic, oP16
Pbca, No. 61
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Zinc antimonide is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is ZnSb. It has zinc and antimonide ions in it.

Properties[change | change source]

Zinc antimonide is a gray solid. Its properties are between an alloy and a salt. It reacts with water to make stibine. It is a reducing agent. It is a semiconductor.

Preparation and Uses[change | change source]

It is made by heating zinc and antimony. It is used in transistors and infrared detectors.

Related pages[change | change source]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp. 4–95, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2