Abbas II of Persia
|Shah Abbas II|
|Shahanshah of Persia|
Shah Abbas II
|Reign||15 May 1642-26 October 1666|
|Coronation||15 May 1642|
|Titles||Shahanshah, Sahib-i-Qiran, Sultan bar Salatin |
|Born||December 31, 1632|
|Died||25–26 October 1666|
Shah Abbas II (born 31 December 1632; died 25/26 October 1666) was Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666. He was the seventh Shah of the Safavid Dynasty. He was the son of Shah Safi I and a Circassian, Anna Khanum. His name was Sultan Muhammed Mirza until he became Shah on May 15, 1642. Since he was less than ten years old when he became shah, the job of governing Persia was given to the grand vizier Saru Taqi.
Saru Taqi tried to end corruption. He made many enemies. On October 11, 1645 he was killed by a group of army officers. Then Khalifa Sultan became grand vizier until his death in 1653 or 1654.
Abbas' reign was mostly peaceful. It was important for not having any Ottoman attacks. In 1648 Abbas conquered Kandahar. He kept it from attacks by Mughal India. He died in Khusruabad near Damghan on the night of 25–26 October 1666.
References[change | edit source]
- The Royal Ark
- Sussan Babaie and others: Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran (I.B.Tauris, 2003) p.44
- Andrew J. Newman Safavid Iran (I.B.Tauris) p.81
- The Cambridge History of Iran Volume 6, edited by William Bayne Fisher (1968)