Alex Salmond

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The Right Honourable
Alex Salmond
MSP
4th First Minister of Scotland
In office
16 May 2007 – 19 November 2014
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Nicola Sturgeon
Preceded by Jack McConnell
Succeeded by Nicola Sturgeon
Leader of the Scottish National Party
In office
3 September 2004 – 14 November 2014
Preceded by John Swinney
Succeeded by Nicola Sturgeon
In office
22 September 1990 – 26 September 2000
Preceded by Gordon Wilson
Succeeded by John Swinney
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Gordon
Banff and Buchan (1999-2001)
Incumbent
Assumed office
3 May 2007
Preceded by Nora Radcliffe
Majority 2,062 (5.8%)
Personal details
Born 31 December 1954 (1954-12-31) (age 59)
Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland
Nationality British
Political party Scottish National Party
Spouse(s) Moira Salmond
Residence Bute House (official)
Strichen, Buchan (private)
Alma mater University of St Andrews
Occupation Economist
Religion Church of Scotland
Website http://www.snp.org

Alexander Elliot Anderson "Alex" Salmond (surname pronounced SAM-MOND; born 31 December 1954 in Linlithgow, Scotland) is a British politician from Scotland who is a former First Minister of Scotland and former leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) which is a political party that wants Scotland to become an independent country from the United Kingdom. He is also the longest-serving First Minister of Scotland, with over seven-and-a-half years in office.

Alex Salmond studied at the University of St Andrews and became an economist at the Royal Bank of Scotland. Salmond became a Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Banff and Buchan at the 1987 General Election. In 1990, Alex Salmond became the leader of the Scottish National Party. He became a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Banff and Buchan at the 1999 Scottish Parliament Election and resigned as SNP leader in 2000.

Salmond became the party leader again in 2004 and stood in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election for the constituency of Gordon. At this election, the SNP received the highest number of seats and the highest share of the vote in Scotland, but did not have enough seats to form a majority government. The SNP then formed a minority government with Alex Salmond as First Minister.

Alex Salmond was against the 2003 invasion of Iraq and was one of several MPs who called for Prime Minister Tony Blair to be impeached. At the 2010 General Election, Alex Salmond stood down as a Member of Parliament but argued against the BBC's decision not to allow the SNP on the televised Prime Ministerial Debates.

On 19 September 2014, following the results of the independence referendum which confirmed a majority of the Scottish people had voted to remain as part of the United Kingdom, Salmond announced that he would be resigning as First Minister in November 2014. His resignation became effective on 19 November 2014, when Nicola Sturgeon succeeded him.