|This article is about a current event.|
||This biographical article needs more citations for verification. (December 2011)|
|The Right Honourable
|4th First Minister of Scotland|
16 May 2007
|Preceded by||Jack McConnell|
|Leader of the Scottish National Party|
3 September 2004
|Preceded by||John Swinney|
22 September 1990 – 26 September 2000
|Preceded by||Gordon Wilson|
|Succeeded by||John Swinney|
|Member of the Scottish Parliament
Banff and Buchan (1999-2001)
3 May 2007
|Preceded by||Nora Radcliffe|
|Born||31 December 1954
Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland
|Political party||Scottish National Party|
|Residence||Bute House (official)
Strichen, Buchan (private)
|Alma mater||University of St Andrews|
|Religion||Church of Scotland|
Alexander Elliot Anderson "Alex" Salmond (surname pronounced SAM-MOND; born 31 December 1954 in Linlithgow, Scotland) is a British politician from Scotland who is the First Minister of Scotland and leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) which is a political party that wants to take Scotland out of the United Kingdom.
Alex Salmond studied at the University of St Andrews and became an economist at the Royal Bank of Scotland. Salmond became a Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Banff and Buchan at the 1987 General Election. In 1990, Alex Salmond became the leader of the Scottish National Party. He became a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Banff and Buchan at the 1999 Scottish Parliament Election and resigned as SNP leader in 2000.
Salmond became the party leader again in 2004 and stood in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election for the constituency of Gordon. At this election, the SNP received the highest number of seats and the highest share of the vote in Scotland, but did not have enough seats to form a majority government. The SNP then formed a minority government with Alex Salmond as First Minister.
Alex Salmond was against the 2003 invasion of Iraq and was one of several MPs who called for Prime Minister Tony Blair to be impeached. At the 2010 General Election, Alex Salmond stood down as a Member of Parliament but argued against the BBC's decision not to allow the SNP on the televised Prime Ministerial Debates.
On 19 September 2014, following the results of the independence referendum which confirmed a majority of the Scottish people had voted to remain as part of the United Kingdom, Salmond announced that he will be resigning as First Minister in November 2014.