Arcturus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arcturus in the constellation of Boötes

Arcturus (or α Boo, α Boötis, Alpha Boötis) of the constellation Boötes is the brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere. With an apparent magnitude of −0.04, it is the fourth brightest star in the night sky, after −1.46 magnitude Sirius, −0.86 magnitude Canopus, and −0.27 magnitude Alpha Centauri.[1]

It is a relatively close star at only 36.7 light-years from Earth, and, together with Vega and Sirius, one of the most luminous stars in the Sun's neighborhood.

Arcturus is a type K1.5 IIIpe orange giant star, with an absolute magnitude of −0.30. It has likely exhausted its hydrogen from the core and is now in its active red giant phase. It will continue to expand before entering the horizontal branch stage of its life cycle.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Arcturus (HD 124897). SIMBAD Astronomical Database. [1]
  2. For "horizontal branch", see Hertzsprung–Russell diagram.