The Ashik tradition started with the Shamanistic beliefs of ancient Turkic peoples.  The ancient ashiks were called by many names. Some names were bakhshi (Baxşı), dede (dədə), and uzan or ozan. They helped keep oral tradition, helped make a shared value system and kept the culture of their people.
In September 2009, Azerbaijan’s ashik art was added to the UNESCOIntangible Cultural Heritage Lists.
The word Ashik comes from the Arabic word Asheq. It means the "one who is in love".