Australian Broadcasting Corporation

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Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)
Type Broadcast
radio
television
online and mobile
Country Australia
Availability Nationwide
Slogan "Think Entertainment"[1]
Owner Australian government
Key people Maurice Newman, Chairperson;
Mark Scott, Managing Director
Launch date 13 November 1923
(radio)
1 July 1932
(incorporation)
5 November 1956
(television)
1995
(online)
1 January 2001
(digital TV)
2009
(digital radio)
Former names Australian Broadcasting Company (1923–1932)
Australian Broadcasting Commission (1932–1983)
Picture format 576i (SDTV)
720p (HDTV)
Callsigns ABC
Callsign meaning Australian
Broadcasting
Corporation
Official website www.abc.net.au

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, known as "the ABC" [2], is Australia's national public broadcaster. It has a yearly budget of A$1.18 billion.[3] The ABC provides television, radio, online and mobile information services throughout Australia, as well as overseas through the Australia Network and Radio Australia.

It began in 1929 as the Australian Broadcasting Company. It became a government owned corporation on 1 July 1932, called the Australian Broadcasting Commission. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983[4] changed the name of the organisation to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, from 1 July 1983.[4] Although funded and owned by the government, the ABC remains editorially independent. This independence part of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983..[4]

Radio[change | change source]

The ABC has 46 local radio stations, four national networks and international service Radio Australia. It also has three digital radio stations.

ABC Local Radio has 46 individual stations, each with a similar format. This format is locally presented light entertainment, news, talk back, music, sport and interviews. It also has some national programs such as AM snd PM (current affairs), The World Today, sporting events and Nightlife.

ABC Radio National broadcasts more than 60 special interest programs every week. These cover a range of topics including music, comedy, book readings, radio dramas, poetry, science, health, the arts, religion, social history and current affairs.

ABC NewsRadio is a continuous news service. It was known as the Parliamentary and News Network. It was set up to broadcast sittings of the Australia Federal Parliament, and to provide a news service at other times. The network broadcasts news on a 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with updates on the quarter-hour. Much of the news content is produced by the ABC itself, however many programs come from the BBC World Service, NPR, Deutsche Welle, Radio Netherlands and CNN Radio.

ABC Classic FM was the ABC's first FM radio service. It was originally called "ABC FM". Its format was based on community stations and BBC Radio 3.

Triple J is a national youth radio network. It plays contemporary alternative and independent music. Its audience is people aged 18–35. While the network plays music from around the world, it has a strong focus on local artists. Triple J was formerly known as "Double Jay" when it launched in Sydney on 19 January 1975.

Television[change | change source]

The ABC operates four TV channels. ABC1, the Corporation's original television service, receives most of funding for television and shows new comedy, drama, documentaries, and news and current affairs. In each state and territory a local news bulletin is shown at 7.00 p.m. nightly.

In 2001 ABC TV began its digital service.

ABC2 which began in 2005, is a digital-only channel that shows mainly repeated programs from ABC1. It does have some original content including news programs, children's shows, animation, and music shows.

ABC3 is a children's TV channel which began in December 2009.t[5]

ABC News 24 is a 24 hour news channel which began on 22 July 2010.[6][7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "ABC1 wants to change the way you think!". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. http://blogs.abc.net.au/abc_tv/2011/02/abc1-wants-to-change-the-way-you-think.html. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  2. Aunty celebrates 75th birthday in Townsville, 16 July 2007, http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/07/16/1979241.htm, retrieved 24 December 2009
  3. Budget Paper No. 4 2010–2011, Retrieved 3 January 2012 "http://www.budget.gov.au/2010-11/content/bp4/html/bp4_agency_resourcing_4_bcde.htm"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983". Attorney-General's Department. http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/C2008C00174. Retrieved 1 October 2007.
  5. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (12 May 2009). "ABC Funding Boost 2009–2012". Press release. http://www.abc.net.au/corp/pubs/media/s2568522.htm. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  6. "ABC to launch 24hr news channel next week". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 13 July 2010. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/07/13/2952551.htm. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  7. "ABC News 24 will launch on Thursday 22 July". The Spy Report (Media Spy). 13 July 2010. http://www.mediaspy.org/report/2010/07/13/abc-news-24-will-launch-on-thursday-22-july/. Retrieved 13 July 2010.