Bird-of-paradise

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Birds of Paradise
Adult male Lesser Bird of Paradise,
Paradisaea minor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genera

13, see list below

The birds of paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes. They are found in eastern Indonesia, Torres Strait Islands, Papua New Guinea, and eastern Australia. Best known are the members of the genus Paradisaea, including the type species, the Greater Bird of Paradise, Paradisaea apoda.

They live in tropical forests like rainforests, swamps and moss forest and build their nests from soft materials, such as leaves, ferns, and vine tendrils, typically placed in a tree fork.[1]

What they look like[change | change source]

Birds of paradise range in size from the King Bird of Paradise at 3 grams (1.8 oz) and 15 cm (6 in) to the Black Sicklebill at 110 cm (43 in) and the Curl-crested Manucode at 430 grams (15.2 oz).

Birds of paradise have bodies that look like a crow. They have stout or long bills and strong feet, with around two-thirds of the species being strongly sexually dimorphic.

What they eat[change | change source]

In most species, the diet is mostly fruit, but riflebirds and sicklebills also prefer insects and other arthropods.[1]

Species of Birds of Paradise[change | change source]

Genus Lycocorax

Genus Manucodia

Genus Paradigalla

Genus Astrapia

Genus Parotia

Genus Pteridophora

Genus Lophorina

Genus Ptiloris

Genus Epimachus

Genus Cicinnurus

Genus Semioptera

Genus Seleucidis

Genus Paradisaea


Greater "Melampitta"

Formerly placed here

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Frith, Clifford B. (1991). Forshaw, Joseph. ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 228–231. ISBN 1-85391-186-0 .

Other websites[change | change source]