Charles Edward Stuart

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Charles Edward Stuart
"Charles III"
King Charles III in 1775
Jacobite pretender
Pretendence 1 January 1766 – 31 January 1788
Predecessor James III and VIII
Successor Henry IX (brother)
Spouse Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
Issue
Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany (illegitimate)
Full name
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart[1]
Father James III & VIII
Mother Maria Klementyna Sobieska
Born 31 December 1720(1720-12-31)
Palazzo Muti, Rome
Died 31 January 1788(1788-01-31) (aged 67)
Palazzo Muti, Rome
Burial St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Religion Roman Catholic

Charles Edward Stuart (Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart, 31 December 1720 - 31 January 1788) is better known as Bonnie Prince Charlie or as 'The Young Pretender'.

Bonnie Prince Charlie was the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, and grandson of James II and VII.

Charles is perhaps best known as the leading the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745. He led a rebellion which ended in a heavy defeat at the Battle of Culloden. That ended the Jacobite cause. Charles's escape from Scotland after the uprising made him a romantic figure of heroic failure. The Skye Boat Song remembers him.

He lived, and died, in Rome, where his father had been given a home by Clement XI.

References[change | change source]

  1. Additional Manuscripts, British Library, 30,090, quoted in Frank McLynn, Charles Edward Stuart: A Tragedy in Many Acts (London: Routledge, 1988), 8.
The lost portrait of Charles Edward Stuart by Allan Ramsay, 1766