Charles Edward Stuart
|Charles Edward Stuart|
|King Charles III in 1775|
|Pretendence||1 January 1766 – 31 January 1788|
|Predecessor||James III and VIII|
|Successor||Henry IX (brother)|
|Spouse||Louise of Stolberg-Gedern|
|Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany (illegitimate)|
|Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart|
|Father||James III & VIII|
|Mother||Maria Klementyna Sobieska|
Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart (31 December 1720 - 31 January 1788) commonly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie or The Young Pretender was the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, and grandson of James II and VII. Charles is perhaps best known as the leading the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, where he led an rebellion which ended in a defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause. Charles's escape from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in later representations, for example in "The Skye Boat Song".
- Additional Manuscripts, British Library, 30,090, quoted in Frank McLynn, Charles Edward Stuart: A Tragedy in Many Acts (London: Routledge, 1988), 8.