|Sir Charles Chaplin, KBE|
Portrait c. 1920
|Born||Charles Spencer Chaplin
16 April 1889
London, United Kingdom
|Died||25 December 1977 (aged 88)
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, film director, film producer, screenwriter, editor, composer|
|Spouse||Mildred Harris (m. 1918–1920)
Lita Grey (m. 1924–1927)
Paulette Goddard (m. 1936–1942)
Oona O'Neill (m. 1943–1977)
|Relatives||See: Chaplin family|
Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin (April 16, 1889 – December 25, 1977) was a famous English actor, comedian, movie maker, screenwriter, editor, musician, and author. He was very famous in silent movies (where there was no talking or sound). He acted, directed, scripted, and produced most of them.
Charlie Chaplin was a performer for almost 70 years. He started working when he was 5, and worked until he was 80. The character that Charlie Chaplin played most was called "the Little Tramp". The "Tramp" was a man of good manners, who wore a coat, a pair of big trousers, shoes, and a black hat.
Chaplin growing up[change | change source]
Charlie first started acting at age five. He acted in a music hall in 1894, standing in for his mother. When Charlie was a child, he was kept in bed for many weeks from a bad illness. At night, his mother would sit at the window and act out what was going on outside. His first important work came when he joined The Eight Lancashire Lads. In 1900, his brother Sydney helped him get the role of a comic cat in the pantomime Cinderella. In 1903 he was in a play called “Jim: A Romance of Cockayne”. Chaplin was in Casey's 'Court Circus' variety show. The next year, he became a clown in Fred Karno's 'Fun Factory' comedy company.
Awards[change | change source]
Chaplin won two special Oscars. Chaplin had first been chosen for both "Best Actor" and "Best Comedy Directing". But then, instead, he was given a special award "for versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing and producing". Chaplin's second special award came 44 years later, in 1972. When getting this award, Chaplin had the longest standing ovation (people standing up and clapping) in Academy Award history. In 1976 he was given the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award, a lifetime achievement award. Chaplin became the first actor to have appeared in the cover of Time in 1925.
Becoming a Knight[change | change source]
On March 9, 1975, Charlie Chaplin was knighted in England by Queen Elizabeth II.
Death[change | change source]
Chaplin died on Christmas 1977, in Switzerland. He died of a stroke in his sleep, at the age of 88. On March 1, 1978, his body was stolen by a small group of Swiss people. They were trying to get money from Chaplin’s family. This plan didn’t work. The perpetrators were caught, and Charlie’s body was found 11 weeks later near Lake Geneva. He was buried under concrete to prevent further incidents.
Movies[change | change source]
- 1914: Making a Living
- 1916: The Floorwalker
- 1916: The Fireman
- 1916: The Vagabond
- 1916: One A.M.
- 1916: The Count
- 1916: The Pawnshop
- 1916: Behind the Screen
- 1916: The Rink
- 1917: Easy Street
- 1917: The Cure
- 1917: The Immigrant
- 1917: The Adventurer
- 1918: A Dog's Life
- 1918: The Bond
- 1918: Shoulder Arms
- 1919: Sunny side
- 1919: A Day's Pleasure
- 1921: The Kid
- 1921: The Idle Class
- 1922: Pay Day
- 1923: The Pilgrim
- 1925: The Gold Rush
- 1928: The Circus
- 1931: City Lights
- 1936: Modern Times
- 1940: The Great Dictator
- 1947: Monsieur Verdure
- 1952: Limelight
- 1957: A King in New York
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Images and media from Wikiversity
Images and media from Wikispecies
Database entry from Wikidata
Documentation from MediaWiki
- Official website by Association Chaplin
- Charlie Chaplin at the Internet Movie Database
- Charlie Chaplin at the TCM Movie Database
- Charlie Chaplin at Allmovie
References[change | change source]
- "Charlie Chaplin prepares for return to United States after two decades". A&E Television Networks. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/charlie-chaplin-prepares-for-return-to-united-states-after-two-decades. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "10 Interesting Facts about Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977)". TipTopTens.com. http://www.tiptoptens.com/2011/04/18/10-interesting-facts-about-charlie-chaplin/. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "Charlie and the Chaplin lookalike contest". Mayo News.ie. http://www.mayonews.ie/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6594&Itemid=40. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- "The Little Tramp". Gazette Times.com. http://www.gazettetimes.com/news/local/the-little-tramp/article_3290dfbb-ba7b-584f-979d-6d727b0d2275.html. Retrieved September 19, 2014.