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A city-state is a city that has its own sovereignty. There were many important city-states in ancient Greece. Nowadays, cities may have differing degrees of self-governance. In order to be considered a city-state, a city must govern itself independently, by regulating its own taxes, or having independent representation at the United Nations.

Historical city states[change | edit source]

Modern city states[change | edit source]

Independent Countries[change | edit source]

Monaco[change | edit source]

Monaco Monaco-Ville and Monte Carlo are districts in Monaco, not separate towns or cities. The city boundary is the same as the country's boundary.

Singapore[change | edit source]

Singapore Singapore was independent before becoming part of the federal kingdom of Malaysia. It is now independent again.

Vatican City[change | edit source]

Vatican City The smallest country in the world was created in 1929. The Vatican City is completely surrounded by the city of Rome, Italy, and is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.

City states in other countries[change | edit source]

Germany[change | edit source]

GermanyGermany has 16 Bundesländer and three of them are city-states; they are Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen. They do not have a Minister President (prime minister) like the other Bundesländer. Instead their head of government is called a Mayor in English.

Austria[change | edit source]

Austria Vienna is a federal state.

Spain[change | edit source]

SpainSpain has two small territories in north Africa. Spanish law calls them autonomous communities. They are

United Kingdom[change | edit source]

United KingdomThe British colony of Gibraltar is a city state

Pakistan[change | edit source]

PakistanThe former Arab (Omani) colony of Gwadar City is a city state