The Parthenon in Athens.
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (min-max):||70 - 338 m (230 - 1109 ft)|
|Mayor:||Giorgos Kaminis (Independent)
(since: 29 December 2010)
|Population statistics (as of 2011)|
|- Area:||2,928.717 km² (1,131 sq mi)|
|- Density:||1,276 /km² (3,305 /sq mi)|
|- Area:||38.964 km² (15 sq mi)|
|- Density:||16,830 /km² (43,591 /sq mi)|
|Postal:||10x xx, 11x xx, 120 xx|
|Auto:||Yxx, Zxx, Ixx (excluding ZAx and INx)|
Athens is the capital city of Greece. It is one of the most famous cities in the world. The city is named after Athena. She is the goddess of wisdom and war in Greek mythology. Athens has a population of approximately 4 million people and is growing. It is in the prefecture, or division of the country, of Attica.
History of Athens[change | edit source]
It is known that there were settlements in the Attica region since prehistoric times. It is unknown, however, when exactly one of them was first called "Athens". According to Plato (in Timeos dialogue), when Solon visited Egypt, some priests told him that according to their archives there was a city called Athens at least from 9600 BC. There is no evidence to support this.
According to Greek mythology the name "Athens" have given in the time of its first king Cecrops about 2000 BC.
According to Homer's Iliad Athens took the side of Mykenae in the Trojan War, senting 50 ships (that means 1650 – 2750 men) under the command of its king Menestheas. That shows that it was already a relatively major city of Greece, since a few other cities sent more.
Athens was a powerful city in Classical times. It was known for the amount of learning that happened there. The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. It also had its own Constitution. Athens also created the world's first known democracy.
The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. The Parthenon was made a Christian Church. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy.
Events[change | edit source]
Sister cities[change | edit source]
Athens has these sister cities:
- United States Washington, DC, USA
- United States Los Angeles, California, USA 
- United States Chicago, Illinois, USA
- United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
- United States Boston, USA
- United States Athens, Georgia USA
- Montreal, Canada
- Paris, France
- Rome, Italy
- Genova, Italy
- Madrid, Spain
- Barcelona, Spain
- Prague, Czech Republic
- Moscow, Russia
- Beijing, China
- Xi'an, People's Republic of China
- Istanbul, Turkey
- Belgrade, Serbia
- Nicosia, Cyprus
- Beirut, Lebanon
- Santiago, Chile
- Rabat, Morocco
- Cusco, Peru
- Yerevan, Armenia
- Sofia, Bulgaria
- Bucharest, Romania
- Warsaw, Poland
- Kiev, Ukraine
- Tirana, Albania
- Tbilisi, Georgia
- Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Havana, Cuba
- Bethlehem, Palestine
References[change | edit source]
- PDF "(875 KB) 2001 Census" (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ). www.statistics.gr. http://www.statistics.gr/gr_tables/S1101_SAP_1_TB_DC_01_03_Y.pdf PDF. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Athens|
- City of Athens official website
- Photos of Athens
- An Online History of Athens
- Athens travel guide
- Athens Virtual Tour