Serbia

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Republic of Serbia
Република Србија
Republika Srbija
Anthem: Боже правде / Bože pravde
God of justice
Location of Serbia (green) – Kosovo (light green) on the European continent (dark grey)
Location of Serbia (green) – Kosovo (light green)
on the European continent (dark grey)
Capital
and largest city
Belgrade
44°48′N 20°28′E / 44.8°N 20.467°E / 44.8; 20.467
Official languages Serbian1
Ethnic groups (2002) 82.9% Serbs,
3.9% Hungarians,
1.8% Bosniaks,
1.4% Roma,
10.0% others[1]
(excluding Kosovo)
Demonym Serbian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Tomislav Nikolić
 -  Prime Minister Ivica Dačić
Formation
 -  First state 768 
 -  Kingdom 1217 
 -  Raised to Empire 1346 
 -  Tributary monarchy 1817 
 -  De-jure independence 1878 
 -  Independent republic 2006 
Area
 -  Total 88,361 km2 (112th)
34,116 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.13
(including Kosovo)
Population
 -  2011 estimate 7 243 007 (excluding Kosovo) [2] (100th)
 -  2002 census 7,498,001 (excluding Kosovo)
 -  Density 91,9/km2 (112th)
238/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $79.013 billion[3] (75th)
 -  Per capita $10,661 (excluding Kosovo) (74th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total 46.444 billion[3] (80th)
 -  Per capita $6,267[3] (excluding Kosovo) (79th)
Gini (2008) 26
low
HDI (2011) 0.766[4]
high · 59th
Currency Serbian dinar (RSD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 381
Internet TLD .rs, .срб
1 See also regional minority languages recognized by the ECRML
Political map of Serbia

The Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија / Repbulika Srbija) is a country in Southeastern Europe. The capital city is Belgrade. To the north of Serbia is the country Hungary. To the east of Serbia are the countries Bulgaria and Romania. To the south of Serbia are countries Macedonia and Albania. To the west of Serbia are the countries Montenegro (the country which was once united with Serbia), Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. The Serbian language is used in many of the neighboring countries.

Geography[change | edit source]

Kopaonik national park, during winter.

Serbia is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. The Danube passes through Serbia. The Šar Mountains of Kosovo form the border with Albania. Over 31% of Serbia is covered by forest.[5] National parks take up 10% of the country's territory.[6] Serbia has 5 national parks and 22 nature reserves.

Economy[change | edit source]

Serbia is classed as an upper-middle income economy.[7]

The major processed vegetable crops in Serbia are potatoes, tomatoes and pepper.[8] Serbia is one of the biggest world producers and exporters of raspberries.[9] They are a leading exporter of frozen fruit.[10]

There are four international airports in Serbia: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Vršac International Airport and Pristina International Airport.

89% of households in Serbia have fixed telephone lines. There are over 9.60 million cell-phones users. This is larger than the number of the total population of Serbia itself by 30%.

Culture[change | edit source]

Serbia has a total of eight sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list: The Early Medieval capital Stari Ras and the 13th-century monastery Sopoćani, and the 12th-century monastery Studenica, and the endangered Medieval Monuments in Kosovo group, comprising the monasteries of Visoki Dečani, Our Lady of Ljeviš, Gračanica and Patriarchate of Peć (former seat of the Serbian Church, mausoleum of Serbian royalty) and finally the Roman estate of Gamzigrad–Felix Romuliana. There are two literary memorials on UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme: The 12th-century Miroslav Gospel, and scientist Nikola Tesla's valuable archive.

The most prominent museum in Serbia is the National Museum of Serbia. It was founded in 1844. It houses a collection of more than 400,000 exhibits, over 5,600 paintings and 8,400 drawings and prints, and includes many foreign masterpiece collections, including Miroslav Gospel.

The official language, Serbian, is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets.

Composer and musicologist Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac is said to be one of the most important founders of modern Serbian music.[11][12]

In the 1990s and the 2000s, many pop music performers rose to fame. Željko Joksimović won second place at the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest. Marija Šerifović won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. Serbia was the host of the 2008 Contest.

Sports[change | edit source]

The most popular sports in Serbia are football, basketball, volleyball, handball, water polo and tennis.

The three main football clubs in Serbia are Red Star and Partizan, both from the capital city of Belgrade, and Vojvodina from Novi Sad.

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Official Results of Serbian Census 2003 – Population" (in Serbian). p. 13. http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/axd/Zip/VJN3.pdf.
  2. Census.gov (2013). "Country Rank. Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2013". U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2013-05-09. http://www.webcitation.org/6GUHbJYCI. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "IMF World Economic Outlook Database, September 2011". International Monetary Fund. 2011. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2010&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=942&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CNID_NGDP%2CNGSD_NGDP%2CTXGO%2CTMGO%2CLUR%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=62&pr.y=15. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  4. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  5. "Dragin obrazlozio predloge zakona u oblasti poljoprivrede". Vlada Srbije. 2005. http://www.balkans.com/sr/open-news.php?uniquenumber=53766.
  6. "U Srbiji do 2010. godine 10% teritorije nacionalni parkovi". Poslovni Magazin – Business Surfer. http://www.poslovnimagazin.biz/magazin/privreda/u-srbiji-do-2010-godine-10-teritorije-nacionalni-parkovi-30-377. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  7. "Upper-middle-income economies". The World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20421402~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html#Upper_middle_income.
  8. Marat Terterov, Doing Business with Serbia, p. 169, http://books.google.com/books?id=dduTMrBQxBsC&pg=PA169
  9. Raspberries, Serbia’s Red Gold
  10. Borka Tomic (13 April 2006). "Rebranding Serbia". Invest in Serbia. http://www.invest-in-serbia.com/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=66.
  11. "Projekat Rastko: Istorija srpske kulture". Rastko.rs. http://www.rastko.rs/isk/isk_17.html. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  12. "Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac (1856—1914)". Riznicasrpska.net. 28 September 1914. http://www.riznicasrpska.net/muzika/index.php?topic=60.0. Retrieved 24 May 2012.