|Native to||Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia, and neighboring regions|
|Native speakers||8.7 million declared Serbian speakers in the former Yugoslavia (2006)
and half a million abroad
|Writing system||Cyrillic (Serbian alphabet)
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
|Official language in|| Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Recognised minority language in|| Croatia
|Regulated by||Board for Standardization of the Serbian Language|
|Linguasphere||part of 53-AAA-g|
Countries where Serbian is an official language. Countries where it is recognized as a minority language.
The Serbian language is spoken primarily in Serbia (also Kosovo), Bosnia & Herzegovina and Montenegro. It is also spoken by a large number of Serbs in diaspora, mainly in Central European countries, North America and Australia. The language is European and south slavic. This language got a complete makeover in the mid-1800s by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić; when it was modernized from the times of Middle Ages, when "Old Serbian" was still spoken. Total number of speakers worldwide today is estimated to be more than 12 million.
References[change | edit source]
- Including, as of 2006, 6.62 million in Serbia sans Kosovo (88% of the population), 1.49 million in Bosnia (37.1%), 400,000 in Montenegro (60%), 133,000 in Kosovo, 45,000 in Croatia, and 36,000 in Macedonia. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed.
- Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/.
- "Serbo-Croatian". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hbs. Retrieved 2010-04-24.
- "Minority Rights Group International : Czech Republic : Czech Republic Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=1834. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
- "Minority Rights Group International : Macedonia : Macedonia Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=4021. Retrieved 2012-10-24.