Serbian language

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Standard Serbian
српски srpski
Pronunciation [sr̩̂pskiː]
Native to Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia, and neighboring regions
Native speakers 12 million[1]  (date missing)[2]
Language family
Writing system Cyrillic (Serbian alphabet)
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Serbian Braille
Official status
Official language in  Serbia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Recognised minority language in  Croatia
 Hungary[5]
Flag of Montenegro.svg
 Slovakia[6]
 Czech Republic[7]
Flag of Macedonia.svg[8]
 Romania
Regulated by Board for Standardization of the Serbian Language
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sr
ISO 639-2 srp
ISO 639-3 srp
Linguasphere part of 53-AAA-g
Map of Serbian language - official or recognized.PNG
     Countries where Serbian is an official language.      Countries where it is recognized as a minority language.

The Serbian language is spoken primarily in Serbia (also Kosovo), Bosnia & Herzegovina and Montenegro. It is also spoken by a large number of Serbs in diaspora, mainly in Central European countries, North America and Australia. The language is European and south slavic. This language got a complete makeover in the mid-1800s by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić; when it was modernized from the times of Middle Ages, when "Old Serbian" was still spoken. Total number of speakers worldwide today is estimated to be more than 12 million.

References[change | edit source]

Media related to Serbian language at Wikimedia Commons

  1. http://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/125/Dru%C5%A1tvo/45760/Srpski+jezik+govori+12+miliona+ljudi+.html
  2. Including, as of 2006, 6.62 million in Serbia sans Kosovo (88% of the population), 1.49 million in Bosnia (37.1%), 400,000 in Montenegro (60%), 133,000 in Kosovo, 45,000 in Croatia, and 36,000 in Macedonia. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed.
  3. Ethnologue.com
  4. "Serbo-Croatian". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hbs. Retrieved 2010-04-24.
  5. Ec.Europa.eu
  6. B92.net
  7. "Minority Rights Group International : Czech Republic : Czech Republic Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=1834. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  8. "Minority Rights Group International : Macedonia : Macedonia Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=4021. Retrieved 2012-10-24.