Danube

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Coordinates: 45°13′3″N 29°45′41″E / 45.2175°N 29.76139°E / 45.2175; 29.76139
Danube
German: Donau, Slovak: Dunaj, Hungarian: Duna, Croatian: Dunav, Serbian: Дунав, Romanian: Dunăre, Ukrainian: Dunay, Bulgarian: Дунав
River
Budapest from Gellert Hill.jpg
The Danube in Budapest, Hungary
Countries Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Ukraine
Source Breg
 - location Martinskapelle, Black Forest, Germany
 - elevation 925 m (3,035 ft)
 - length 43 km (27 mi)
 - coordinates 48°06′25″N 08°16′57″E / 48.10694°N 8.2825°E / 48.10694; 8.2825
Secondary source Brigach
 - location St. Georgen, Black Forest, Germany
 - elevation 1,078 m (3,537 ft)
 - length 49 km (30 mi)
Source confluence
 - location Donaueschingen
Mouth Danube Delta
 - coordinates 45°13′3″N 29°45′41″E / 45.2175°N 29.76139°E / 45.2175; 29.76139
Length 2,860 km (1,777 mi)
Basin 157,183 km² (60,689 sq mi)
Map of the Danube (name places in German)
Map of the Danube (name places in German)

The Danube is a river in the Central Europe and the second-longest river in Europe (the Volga is the longest). It is the longest river of the European Union. The river is 2,860 km (1,777 mi) long. Brigach and Breg join together in Donaueschingen (near the Black Forest) to "make" the Danube. The Danube flows through or makes part of the border of 10 countries: Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine. The river ends in the Black Sea through the Danube Delta.

Bigger cities include Ulm, Regensburg in Germany; Linz, Vienna in Austria; Bratislava in Slovakia, Budapest in Hungary; Vukovar in Croatia; Novi Sad and Belgrade in Serbia.

The Danube is named in many other languages: Esperanto Danubo, Bulgarian Дунав (Dunav), German and Plattdüütsch Donau, Greek Dounavis, Ancient Greek: Ister, Hungarian Duna, Turkish Tuna, Latin Danuvius or Danubius, Romanian Dunăre, Croatian Dunav, Serbian Дунав, Slovak Dunaj, Ukrainian Dunay.

The Danube is an important waterway. Ocean ships can go up to Brăila in Romania. River boats can go Kehlheim in Bavaria. Smaller ships can go up to Ulm.

There are three artificial waterways built on the Danube: the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal (DTD) in the Banat and Bačka regions (Vojvodina, in the northern province of Serbia); the 64 km Danube-Black Sea Canal, between Cernavodă and Constanţa (Romania) finished in 1984, shortens the distance to the Black Sea by 400 km; the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (about 171 km), finished in 1992, linking the North Sea to the Black Sea.

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