Volga River

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The Volga
Volga River (Волга)
River
Volga Ulyanovsk-oliv.jpg
The Volga at Ulyanovsk
Country Russia
Tributaries
 - left Kama River
 - right Oka River
Cities Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, Samara, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Tver
Source
 - location Valdai Hills, Tver Oblast
 - elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Mouth Caspian Sea
 - elevation
Length 3,692 km (2,294 mi)
Basin 1,380,000 km² (532,821 sq mi)
Discharge for Astrakhan
 - average 8,060 /s (284,636 cu ft/s)
Map of the Volga watershed
Map of the Volga watershed

The Volga is the longest river of Europe.[1] In Russian it is called Волга, in the Tatar language its name is İdel. Many people see it as the national river of Russia. It flows through the western part of the country. It is Europe's longest river, with a length of 3,690 kilometres, and forms the core of the largest river system in Europe. It rises in the Valdai Hills of Russia, 225m above sea level north-west of Moscow. The Kama, Oka, Vetluga and the Sura are its main tributaries. The Volga and its tributaries form the Volga river system, which drains an area of about 1.35 million square kilometres in Russia. The Volga Delta has a length of about 160 kilometres. It includes 555 channels and small streams. It is the largest estuary in Europe. It is the only place in Russia where pelicans, flamingoes, and lotuses may be found. The Volga freezes for most of its length for three months each year. Some of the biggest reservoirs in the world can be found along the river.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "The Volga River". Rivers of Life. Center for Global Environmental Education - Hamline University Graduate School of Education. 2001. http://cgee.hamline.edu/rivers/Resources/river_profiles/Volga.html. Retrieved 2008-10-24.